The Top 5 Roadblocks to Marijuana Reform

Robert Randall - The First Legal Marijuana Patient

Robert Randall – The First Legal Marijuana Patient

Over the past several months The Green Chazzan and friends have laid a number of issues going on throughout the country with the medical marijuana movement. There are so many incidents, raids, political stooges and bent legislation attempts that it’s hard to keep a lid on what is most important in this fight to Reschedule Medical Marijuana to a Schedule V pharmaceutical. So The Chazzan has assembled a simple list of the Top 5 obstacles the Medical Marijuana movement faces in every state in which there is a marijuana law.


Police and Municipal Corruption


Hey it’s almost Election Day! Can’t you tell? The raids are out in full force especially because Midterms often mean elections for Judgeships, Prosecutorial Positions, Police Chiefs, Fire Chiefs, and all kinds of other political administrators are going to be held, and that means it’s time to look “Tough on Crime”. Already we see the DEA and local Sheriff tearing up Arizona, Colorado and Southern California especially since Governor Jerry Brown has essentially declared war on the marijuana industry at the behest of corporate interests. If you are an operator it’s in your best interest to be extra mindful within the two weeks of Election Day, especially if local inspectors, meter maids, and police have taken a sudden extra interest in your business establishment. While some dispensaries are raided for their collaboration with the Cartel and the Consortium, many local agencies and legal officials will use election time to take advantage of the system to collect extra taxes on other growers and dispensaries.

We just simply can’t talk about the history of medical marijuana without discussing the history of police corruption in the United States. Since the 1920’s, law enforcement entities throughout the country have held the arbitrary position as the black market industry’s self-appointed regulator and lead racketeer. Police departments throughout the United States have ran ‘shakedown’ bribery rackets on medical marijuana distributors for almost a century from doctors to street corner dealers; evolving from shaking down minorities in the 50’s and hippies in the 60’s to collecting monthly taxes from medical marijuana dispensaries in modern times.


The Federal government must be made to understand that it is difficult to bring the industry into compliance because of the conflict of interest held by local law enforcement and the local prison systems. Attempts by dispensaries to come into compliance must be open, fair and transparent which is why the federal government must establish public health and environmental health guidelines for the states but the industry must guide the federal government on this matter due to the lack of expertise, especially on the East Coast.

Deputy Attorney General James Cole

Deputy Attorney General James Cole

Police and municipal racketeering of the medical marijuana industry inherently sets a price floor for every harvest…”

Why? Because knocking down growers up north keeps the marijuana price high so that the Police and DEA can extract larger incomes when it comes time to ‘tax’ the dispensaries.

Dispensary owners in Los Angeles County, the ‘Mecca of Medical Marijuana’, continue to lament over the shakedown racket perpetrated by the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department. Measure D, a vile ‘regulation by law enforcement’ bill marketed as ‘legalization’ passed in Los Angeles County segregated dispensaries in LA between pre-regulation ‘Pre-ICO’ and post-regulation ‘Post-ICO’ collectives.

Steve "Not" Cooley

Steve “Not” Cooley

Almost all Pre-ICO collectives were able to obtain their exemptions by extensively bribing the LA County Sheriff or select members of the LA City Council and the illustrious Board of Supervisors. Pre-ICO permits were also issued to collectives owned by members of the LA City Administration including former DA Steve Cooley and former LA Sheriff Lee Baca, who owned a dispensary indirectly through his secretary. The remaining collectives that remained Post-ICO after refusing to kowtow under the LA Sheriff’s extortion racket have remained the victim of continued municipal racketeering by the Sheriff and local police entities.

Long Beach Police Chief Jim McDonnell

Long Beach Police Chief Jim McDonnell

Measure D in itself is a federally illegal statute as it contradicts the guidance issued by the US Justice Department in the Cole Memorandum of 2013. Los Angeles faces an even tougher battle ahead as the notorious self-avowed Prohibitionist, Jim McDonnell, the police chief of Long Beach, is currently the front runner to be Lee Baca’s replacement. McDonnell is far more cunning and corrupt than Baca, having severely racketeered the Long Beach marijuana dispensaries under his tenure along with manipulating crime statistics and allowing the heroin trade to expand out of the Port of Long Beach. Should McDonnell succeed in becoming LA County Sheriff, he will prove to be a worthy political adversary to all within the California medical marijuana movement. His rival Paul Tanaka, the Mayor of Gardena, does not have a much better record but is by far the lesser of the two evils.

Colorado, Washington State and Hawaii have also had their fair share of problems from law enforcement entities picking the winners and losers of newborn dispensaries. Law Enforcement entities in this ‘Legalization’ states have used ‘drugged driving’ provisions and other legal loopholes to entrap patients and dispensary operators alike in arbitrary state compliance rackets. ‘Legalization’ laws have put law enforcement at the helm of making regulatory decisions, law enforcement may determine how marijuana laws in their state are interpreted and retain the right to impose new regulations at both the cultivator, operator and patient’s expense.

Alison Holcomb - Corporatist Extraordinaire

Alison Holcomb – Corporatist Extraordinaire

There have also been attempts by some of the lesser skilled growers to influence city and county administrations to limit what strains may be used; typically pushing for the 12 highest yielding and easiest to grow strains in which they could retain market advantage. Other growers have also limited county and state regulations to CBD only strains in a greedy attempt to corner their own state markets. Growers of this nature need to be isolated and ran out of the industry because they are harmful to us and beneficial to corrupt police and municipal officials. There are over 1000 known strains of medical marijuana throughout the world, all with unique and complex cannabinoid complexes that have yet to be fully understood in terms of medical benefits. So who are these growers, many without a college degree let alone a high school education, to decide which strains are medically valuable and which are medically not valuable?. Persons with low quality seed banks, incentives to do large scale thousand plus plant operations with low quality but high volume turn out. These claims are not based in science, only in greed and a lack of craftsmanship.

Patrick Kennedy - Alcohal and Tobacco Lobbyist

Patrick Kennedy – Alcohal and Tobacco Lobbyist

These same entities have also played a significant role in championing municipal and county based ‘marijuana bans’ throughout California and other states with marijuana laws. A method created by Americans For Safe Access and the League of California Cities to eliminate competition and maintain the shakedown rackets. We have spoken about how municipal bans work in our Coalition of Corruption series, but just a quick refresher; municipal bans have been put in place throughout California and the only dispensaries exempted from the bans have either successfully sued the municipalities in court or they have had their place secured by ASA through pay-offs or law enforcement sponsorship. However even successful lawsuits have proven not to be enough given the recent raids in San Bernardino County and Orange County; the City of Anaheim brutally discriminated against marijuana businesses just last week by cutting off all water and power to dispensaries that wouldn’t cave to the city’s extortion demands.


Many will argue that the cities have the right to govern themselves but we argue that they must do so in a lawful manner. This is America, not Honduras. Most cities brought in medical marijuana dispensaries to cover up other fiscal discrepancies and shortfalls following 9/11 and the 2008 crash, with most operations peaking around 2006 and 2010 during the heights of the conflict in Afghanistan for both administrations. Many cities, to thwart federal investigators, initially brought in medical marijuana as a means to transfer monies from other illicit rackets to the medical marijuana dispensaries. However the cities liberal enaction of medical marijuana laws brought with it an influx of locals, northern hippies and out-of-state con artist carpetbaggers that stymied the cities plans for an easy transition.

LEAR Mercenary Raid

LEAR Mercenary Raid

State corruption has taken a step further now that the Sheriff’s Departments of several counties throughout California have used the Open Fields Clause to justify the non-intervention of their departments towards the highly illegal mercenary raids being conducted by LEAR Corporation and Blackwater (Xe) throughout the state. This program has been tacitly backed by Governor Jerry Brown in exchange for Consortium and Prison Guards Union donations to both his reelection and future Senate ambitions.


Con Artists and Scams

The Medical Marijuana movement is rife with Con Artists, Frauds, Racketeers, Frontmen, Informants, Clowns, Charlatans, Crooked Lawyers and just genuinely psychotic people with strange backgrounds.

Cheryl Shuman in Selfie #1000562744

Cheryl Shuman in Diabolical Selfie #1000562744   *public domain btw*

Currently in Del Ray Oaks in Monterey County we are seeing Cheryl Shuman of ‘Echelon Cannabis’, a notorious Hollywood con, known for running a Hollywood Madame service under the guise of a movie set optician business. Startups that work with Mrs. Shuman’s CNBC sponsored entrapment scheme will quickly find themselves in deep waters; she has made it her business to understand what is and isn’t protected by Marijuana Laws including copyrights and trade secrets related to medical marijuana products. Mrs. Shuman quickly steals her ‘new partners’ products knowing full well there is no legal recourse against her for doing so; she will even go as far as to steal marketing materials from other organizations and rebrand them for her own purposes. Shuman knows she is violating the RICO Act and the Cole Memorandum and isn’t afraid to let her business associates know that they are doing the same once they have entered her trap.

More About Shuman’s Hollywood Background:

Any of the victims that dare to resist are quickly reminded that Mrs. Shuman is associated with Norton Arbelaez Jr., the son of one of the most powerful cartel bosses out of Bogota, Colombia. Arbelaez Jr. and Sr. are two of the most powerful members of the Consortium, the cabal of corporate and cartel interests that are seeking to transfer control of the industry and its seeds to a small group of well moneyed hands. Arbelaez serves as the representative of the Colombian Cartel’s portion of the international marijuana trade, working in concert with Marc Emery of the Canadian Cartel, Arjan Roskam of Holland, George Soros (DPA) and the Marijuana Policy Project and the Sinaloa Cartel of Mexico to stop independent growers in the United States, especially California, from out-competing them with their superior medicinal marijuana quality.

Norton Arbelaez Jr.

Norton Arbelaez Jr.

Mrs. Shuman has been using the Colombians to protect herself and her family from members of Italian organized crime. The buds in her so-called ‘Beverly Hills’ aka South Central based marijuana club are most certainly BC Beaster quality and any Hollywood type foolish enough to buy buds from her is most certainly slumming their greens at top tier pricing. With already such colorful characters, one can only imagine the cavalcade of characters being rolled out for the Ohio and Florida marijuana bills.


Lack of Education



There is a stunning divergence within the Medical Marijuana movement that has severely debilitated its ability to function cohesively as a unit and that is the Education Gap. Many members of the movement do not have a college education, let alone a high school diploma; they do not understand legal statutes, financial markets, basic business management, government processes and many other functions necessary to be successful in today’s society. Street smarts and natural businesses smarts can get you far but eventually legal walls appear that create complications. Being unable to deal with these complications in the proper legal manner has led to abuse by law enforcement, attorneys and doctors alike; seeking to take advantage of the education gap for their own profit and social gain.

This is why a statewide cultivators union is important, to protect the rights and freedoms of the growers from the educated abusers like the police, marketers, billionaires and lawyers. The union will create a pathway for cultivators to work with educated supporters like botanists, horticulturalists, biologists and environmental scientists. The new generation of young growers, cultivators and activists are seeking to use their knowledge to support and expand the world of medical marijuana and this must be harnessed by the senior leadership of the movement as it stands. The growers and pioneers must educate this new generation through a centralized medium on how the Medical Marijuana really works lest they become servants and victims of the Consortium.

Jamaican Growers Union

Jamaican Growers Union

The Los Angeles Times interviewed Deputy Director James Cole of the US Department of Justice, author of the 2013 Cole Memorandum. He stated that he wanted California to get its ‘regulatory act together’, meaning to bring state law in compliance with the federal guidelines of the Cole Memorandum. This warning could apply to all Marijuana states that desire to avoid federal raids. We also can’t forget that its midterm season and without a doubt the increase in both state and federal raids are coinciding with a ‘tough on crime’ image.

Deputy AG James Cole - Federal Marijuana Czar

Deputy AG James Cole – Federal Marijuana Czar

There is also a severe lack of political education within the movement that can be largely attributed to misinformation and revisionist history campaigns by High Times Magazine, NORML and Marijuana Mafia organizations like ASA, MPP and DPA.

Ask Yourself:

How Many Times Have You Voted For A Judge That Promoted Marijuana Convictions?

How Many Times Have You Researched The Judges and Prosecutors on Your State’s Election Ballot?

Do You Know Your Local Judges’ Stance on Medical Marijuana? What About Your Local Prosecutor?


In elections, these questions matter. Judges and Prosecutors make Marijuana Convictions possible. No court support effort in the world is as effective or as powerful as a ‘YES’ or ‘NO’ VOTE against a prosecutor or a judge in a major election. Want to send a message to the courts? Why not vote out the judges that maintain the marijuana rackets and support police racketeering? Why waste your money on ineffective court support organizations when you can do so much more damage by actually voting in an election?

*Non-California readers skip below*

Team Chazzan did the research on California’s upcoming General Election to identify which candidates are pro-medical marijuana and which candidates are not.

California General Election Medical Marijuana Voters Guide  

Governor – Abstain, neither support MMJ.

Lt. Governor – Gavin Newsom

Attorney General – Kamala Harris (Trust Me)



*Former Prosecutor and/or Strong Anti-Marijuana Stance & Drug Sentencing



































































As if we didn’t have enough problems, let’s turn to the Big Elephant in the room. The Fortune 500 corporations and the billionaires that own them. They are a problem. Why? Because they want their cut of the layer cake, a slice of the marijuana pie. They don’t want to do anything to build it, they simply want to dominate it with their money and corner the seed market so that they can make the rules.

The billionaires of America know that medical marijuana and legal hemp pose an epic commercial challenge to the industries they have owned and controlled for the past century. Who can corner such a freely distributed yet proprietary seed? Monsanto and Cargill believe they can, George Soros believes he can, RJ Reynolds and Altria are sure going to give it their best shot, Merck, Teva, Astra Zeneca and don’t forget the Alcohol industry, they won’t let the decline of alcoholism go quietly.


What is their strategy? Their tactics? It’s simple, outlaw the small and medium size grower and dispensary operators. Narrow the strains down to only the high volume strains that can be reproduced easily and then outlaw grows that produce less than 1000 plants, screw medical value it’s all about marketing and money for the billionaires. Medical value strains can be patented instead by Monsanto or Merck and be sold to patients at extraordinary rates just like many major medications for the terminally ill today that is what the billionaires want to see. A continuance of the same old, same old, no cures, just treatments and the flow of money to hospitals and drug companies will continue unabated.


The whole sorry situation in America’s hospitals today are only just beginning to change with Obamacare. You will hear Republicans scream about the cost of Obamacare but those healthcare costs could be reduced if medical marijuana was rescheduled by the government. The simple truth is these billionaires are using their influence to run the medical marijuana industry in a manner in which it will not compete with their current business interests. The Consortium is working to establish regulations throughout North and South America that excludes the wealthy from punishment for the use of cannabis but maintains criminal punishments for the poor who use marijuana as a medication the most.


The ‘Old Oligarchs’ as Aristotle keenly put, do not wish to see progress trump their control, they would prefer the detriment of the public to such an outcome. In Aristotle’s tale, The ‘Old Oligarch’ did not like the Athenian Navy because it strengthened the Athenian democracy and diminished his own power. The Old Oligarchs of America do not like medical marijuana because it is a plant of the people, for the low, middle and high to share and heal with and it diminishes their power which comes from the profits of pharmaceuticals, alcohol and tobacco, prisons, food, and other forms of commodity control.

George Soros

George Soros

That is why the Wall Street Hedge Funds, the big businesses and oligarchical entities like George Soros are doing their best to divide and conquer the industry. Using banners like Safe Access, Safety First, Responsibility and all kinds of other fear mongering Anti-Saloon League type propaganda language. Paying front-men like Marc Emery, Don Duncan, Gary Johnson, Alison Holcomb, Rick Steves, and retired law enforcement officials to tout ‘Legalization’ aka corporate domination of the medical marijuana industry. The same group of corporate raiders are now slowly invading the State of Oregon, touting a measure much similar to the one they already passed in Washington State and hoping for another California Coup in 2016. The end result of these ‘Legalization’ Bills is that the non-corporate competition and the home grower get raided, the patient continues to be drug tested, business as usual.

Consortium Spokesman Rick Steves

Consortium Spokesman Rick Steves

The key signs to look for in sniffing out oligarchical legislation are the following:

  • Drugged Driving
  • Cannabinoid Limits
  • Strain Type Limits
  • Home Grow Bans
  • Prohibitions of Small Scale Grows
  • Dispensary Limits
  • License Issuance Limits and Lotteries
  • Municipal Bans with Exemptions


Internal Division



The biggest problem affecting the whole medical marijuana movement from uniting behind federal rescheduling is the internal division within the movement caused by the aforementioned symptoms. Through the limelight we have lost sight of why we initially started this movement, to help the patients fight terminal diseases and that is what we must continue to do. We have allowed the desire for glamour and wealth to cloud our drive to reschedule and decriminalize medical marijuana at the national level. We must federally reschedule medical marijuana as a cohesive unit so that we may all live in health and liberty as we deserve.

The billionaires will continue to try to co-opt and control the movement, to keep us sick so that they may continue to profit off our deaths for generations but through education and newfound wisdom we can learn how to heal ourselves through the Earth that God created.

Bereishis 1:11-12

 “God said, “Let the earth sprout vegetation; herbage yielding seed, fruit trees yielding fruit each after its kind, containing its own seed on the earth. And it was so. And the earth brought forth vegetation: herbage yielding seed after its kind, and trees yielding fruit, each containing its seed after its kind. And God saw that it was good.”

Bereishis 1:29

“God said, “Behold, I have given you all the herbage yielding seed that is on the surface of the entire earth, and every tree that has seed-yielding fruit; it shall be yours for food”

All pharmaceuticals either come from chemicals manufactured in a laboratory, herbs from the earth or combinations thereof. Both Big Pharma and Big Food, want to corner the seed industry so that they can continue to profit from a monopoly over the resources of the earth just like any other oligarchical entity like Big Oil or Big Mining. Marijuana, another resource from the earth is not exempt from the desires of the large corporate billionaires.

The Consortium

The Consortium

We have to accept the reality that state and federal regulation of medical marijuana is inevitable but we have to organize to ensure that the regulations are both equitable and open for patients, growers and operators not just large corporate entities and law enforcement. Growers must unionize on a state by state basis to ensure that proper markets that are conducive to industry growth are created and to defend the inherent interests of the industry from predatory interests. The likes of the Drug Policy Alliance, The Marijuana Policy Project and Americans For Safe Access do not work for you, they work for very large, very wealthy and powerful corporate entities that have no interest in seeing an industry with the independence that medical marijuana currently has. But with independence comes responsibility which is why growers must take it upon themselves to organize and establish what responsible, fair and conducive regulations look like.

“When your parents do not have the money to pay the medical bills, no one will pity you….When you are beaten by your competitors, no one will pity you…”

  • Jack Ma, CEO of Ali Baba

Brutally honest but a true statement about the state of globalized business, meaning that our competition does not care if we live or die, nor will anyone care if we lose the fight against them. However there is a chance, like the tortoise versus the hare, they are fast and well-resourced but they are still playing our chess game and we have the ability to change the rules. We must:

  1. Form Statewide Unions
  2. Set Inter-Union Rates and Rules
  3. ‘Select and Elect’ Politicians and State/Municipal Bureaucrats that are Pro-MMJ
  4. Lobby Congress to Reschedule Medical Marijuana to Schedule V
  5. Repeal Municipal and County-By-County Dispensary Bans
  6. Establish Weights and Measures,
  7. Establish Environmental Standards For Growing
  8. Sale Standards For Each State
  9. Establish “Regulation By Doctor” Laws in Every State/Curtail “Regulation by Law Enforcement” and “Drugged Driving” Programs at both State and Federal Level
  10. Lobby Congress to Open Up Medical Marijuana Research Programs For Healthcare, Domestic Growth, Research and Development

Protesting, making arbitrary and uncoordinated referendums and gathering behind false ‘Marijuana Messiahs’ is not the answer, in this technological age we must have a well-coordinated multi-dimensional approach that utilizes the media, the legislature, the internet, public and private forums, political analysis and mass networking. We must learn to work together by forming alliances with like-minded medical growers that want to see this industry survive and expand over the next 40 years.

We have to beat the corporations and police unions at their own game by organizing a union that can play the political game on even ground through harnessing the financial power of our industry through an organized legal conduit that benefits those contributing to it.

Here is an example of a conceptual model created by Patrick Rohde of APRA that details how the ‘Select and Elect’ process works:

Conceptual Organizational Model

Conceptual Organizational Model – APRA™





American Patients Rights Association™


And if a house be divided against itself, that house cannot stand….”

  • Mark 3:25

However this process will only work if the growers settle their differences and come together in each state or it will most certainly end in failure. Farmers, growers and cultivators must come together in California, Oregon, Washington, Hawaii, Arizona, Nevada, Colorado and Montana to fight for the right to personal/home grows, open strains, open seeds, open markets, fair regulations, equitable regulations and the sustainability of an industry you helped create.


The Green Chazzan

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In The News


Warrantless Medical Marijuana Raids Unconstitutional, Federal Judge Finds

Pot may be federally illegal, but so is police activity that violates due process. This week, a federal court sided with California medical marijuana patients who are suing Lake County officials for the possibly illegal removal of their cannabis plants. Federal judge Thelton Henderson issued an injunction against the county Tuesday, saying police have to stop ripping up gardens without due process. That’s a major victory for medical cannabis advocates. They say California officials are policing medical marijuana activity illegally some eighteen years after California voters legalized the plant for medical purposes….

SoCal Cops Adopt Shady Marijuana Raid Tactics Seen In Mendocino

Tensions are high this year in marijuana country, where rumors of a gang of mysterious armed men — who descend from the sky in helicopters to cut down cannabis gardens — have been swirling for the past few months.
At first, ripped-off pot growers in Mendocino and Lake counties suspected private security teams or even crooks dressed up as cops as the perpetrators. After all, the tactics used have been described as paramilitary — lots of camo, no badges —  and no charges or even records of the “raids” are filed or left behind….

Judge halts Lake County warrantless raids on medical pot patients

After a series of warrantless raids on the homes of medical marijuana patients under a voter-approved ordinance in Lake County, a federal judge has called a halt, saying officers need court approval before entering private property and seizing pot plants. The patients are likely to succeed in showing that the searches violated their constitutional rights and were not justified by any emergency, U.S. District Judge Thelton Henderson of San Francisco said Tuesday in an injunction that bars further raids without a warrant. Denying an injunction “would leave numerous medical marijuana patients in Lake County vulnerable to future warrantless seizures of their medicine, which could lead to significant pain and suffering,” Henderson said…..

When Misguided Cops Turn The War On Weed Into A War On Growing Things

If law enforcement officials around the country are going to continue cracking down on marijuana grow operations, especially in heavily armed, unannounced raids, maybe they should consider hiring a botanist or two.Earlier this month, Dwayne Perry of Cartersville, Georgia, was startled out of his bed by a low-flying helicopter. Moments later, WSB-TV reports, heavily armed officers and K-9 units with the Governor’s Task Force for drug suppression showed up, apparently believing they were about to make a weed bust. What they found instead: okra. The vegetable….

Paramilitaries Are Eradicating California’s Illegal Marijuana Grows

In the world-renowned California marijuana growing region known as the Emerald Triangle, the telltale “whoop-whoop-whoop” sound from helicopters combing the sparsely populated mountains during pot harvest season typically sends paranoia through the roof. This year is no exception. For the past month, local law enforcement and the feds have been conducting raids across the Emerald Triangle — Humboldt, Mendocino, and Trinity counties in California — using a massive ex-military chopper bearing a worn-down or scraped off US Air Force insignia, eradicating tens of thousands of plants. But this year, there have reportedly been more cases of state and local law enforcement targeting small farmers with fewer than 50 plants, in compliance with state and local regulations, according to Tim Blake who runs the annual cannabis competition Emerald Cup….

San Bernardino to crack down on medical marijuana

A study into possibly allowing some medical marijuana dispensaries is out, and a new program of more aggressive enforcement is in. That’s the decision the City Council came to in a closed-session discussion Monday, City Attorney Gary Saenz said. “At this time, the full Common Council has, by consensus, determined that the city will continue its total land-use ban against dispensaries; will not, at this time, ordain to allow regulated dispensaries, and will incorporate additional and more aggressive methods of enforcement in our quest to rid, or significantly reduce, the number of illegal dispensaries operating in our city,” Saenz said….

Pulling the plug on pot: Anaheim cuts electricity, power to illegal stores

The city is turning the lights off at medical-marijuana dispensaries that illegally opened across the city in a move to get them to leave. The strategy has worked. Last month, nine dispensaries closed, Anaheim spokeswoman Ruth Ruiz said, and eight others likely will be closed by the end of the week. Additionally, 11 others soon will be ordered to shut down or have their water and electricity cut off by Anaheim, which, unlike many cities, operates its own utilities, Ruiz said….

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Narc vs. Narc IV: Root Rot in California

Governor Jerry Brown

Governor Jerry Brown

“If the United States was a grow-op, California would be the Mother…”

  • Madeleine Johnson, Pioneer of Medical Marijuana


It’s A Trap!

California is under attack; there is just simply no other way to put it. The Medical Marijuana industry of this state, while appearing to flourish on the surface, has a problem in its roots that has gone widely unseen by the public eye. Medical Marijuana farmers, growers and cultivators know about it. Since the fall of SB1262, the Correa Bill, the Medical Marijuana producing regions of California have been under open siege by an aligned consortium of rapacious law enforcement and corporate entities that seek to deprive the growers of their land, their right to individually cultivate and their ability to compete with the Legalization States that have already fallen under the control of this insidious corporate cabal.

SB 1262 itself was a failed coup attempt by the same ravenous false prophets that divided and conquered the spirit of the medical marijuana movement with Proposition 19. The Correa Bill was openly sponsored by Consortium entities including The League of California Cities, The California Peace Officers Association, The California Correctional Peace Officers Association, George Soros and the Marijuana Policy Project, Pharma, The Drug Enforcement Agency w/ Americans For Safe Access and silent partners from the Alcohol & Tobacco industries that have been targeting California growers for years. This consortium of out-of-state corporate interests and in-state law enforcement interests have proved to be the greatest obstruction to the normalization of California Marijuana Laws that have been in legal existence for almost 18 years. We have discussed the Consortium’s activities against California growers at length in our previous “Narc vs. Narc” series, where we have identified members of this so-called Marijuana Mafia led by powerful members of the 1%. SB1262 was defeated through the combined effort of the Pioneers of Medical Marijuana, Jeff Patterson & His Patient Coalition, the American Patient’s Rights Association and many others to inform the public of the poison pills contained within the bill.

Jeff Patterson & The Patients Against SB1262. Great Job!

Jeff Patterson & The Patients Against SB1262.

In a court of law within the United States, especially in regards to Medical Marijuana laws, it must be made clear to the public that when we say ‘Medical’, we are asking for Regulation by a Public Health Department or a Public Health official, who is a Medical Doctor. When we ask for ‘Legalization’, we are inherently asking for regulation by Law Enforcement. When Law Enforcement makes medical decisions we see growers, operators and patients go to jail, we see drugged driving and entrapment, and we see that only the large corporate interests get a fair shake. This hasn’t happened in California because we are protected by our medical rights; HIPAA, ADA, ACA and so on. You also cannot tax a medication without an Act of Congress, it’s federally prohibited. People need to remind themselves that it is much easier and more seemly to prosecute a fraudulent physician than a corrupt policeman for violating our civil rights. Anyone who supports an agenda that limits the availability of strains, demands scientific constraints, regulation by a law enforcement entity and corporatization of the industry should be looked at very carefully and with great skepticism, especially by California growers and operators”

  • Patrick Rohde, American Patient’s Rights Association™
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Richard Lee – DEA/Consortium Agent

Since the defeat of SB1262, over 2 million pounds have been seized throughout California with the number exponentially increasing every day. The most significant raids in Mendocino County occurred like a thunderclap to announce the 2016 Legalization Ballot Initiative led by George Soro’s Marijuana Policy Project. Once again, a new blitzkrieg by the out-of-state 1% interest to usurp California’s marijuana hegemony from the California growers who built it. The seizures have been perpetrated under the direction of Governor Jerry Brown, who has received a sizeable campaign donation for his future Senate bid from Richard Lee, the founder of Oaksterdam and a former DEA agent from Texas. The idea is to create a campaign of relentless persecution against the Green Triangle on the basis of a manufactured water crisis and Brown’s hypocritical admonition of ‘the stoners’ taking over California. Brown has coordinated the County Sheriffs of Northern California to work with the DEA to raid farms on the basis of groundwater violations using the state’s new drought bill. The disingenuous drought legislation was perpetrated through a scientific fraud that we have discussed at length in our article “Marijuana and the California Water Crisis”; a fraudulent EPA report that has prohibited groundwater extraction from the critical Bay Delta region of the Sacramento Delta to starve the Central Valley out of water and pave the way for marijuana land grabs, new housing developments and ag-land turnover to oil fracking. Jerry Brown has reached into his old playbooks to use EPA groundwater violations to justify land-asset seizures for the medical marijuana growers. Under EPA rules, such groundwater violations could extend to penalties associated with RICO ie. Felony Land Seizure and Felony Land Auction. Brown will use the Felony Land Auctions of Northern California lands to deliver the California industry to the Consortium on a silver platter.

George Soros

George Soros


Memories are short as Governor Brown has a history of creating manufactured environmental crises to pass strong-arm legislation against the interests of Native Californians on behalf of outside corporate donors. Monsanto and Cargill, large scale industrial agricultural companies that share ownership interest in the Marijuana Policy Project, got their first upper hand in California thanks to the manufactured Medfly crisis in 1980-81. Governor Brown, securing a deal with Big Ag and Big Chemical for future Senate ambitions, allowed hundreds of small and medium scale farms to have their crops ravaged so that they would either abandon their lands or pay the high price through Brown’s mandatory organo-chloride diktats. Memories also forget that Governor Brown presided over the Sensimilla Wars of 1978 and 1979. The first ever large scale state-federal joint operation raids of the Green Triangle. Brown would join NORML leader Keith Stroup in infamy, as being a sell out to the Medical Marijuana movement. Brown wanted his 1982 Senate run and Stroup couldn’t allow Peter Bourne to stop the courtroom gravy train for NORML’s legal counsel. History often repeats itself.



The Consortium has also resorted to hiring the private mercenary firm LEAR to illegally invade the properties of several California growers throughout the Northern Counties; destroying crops, seizing plants and seeds, and illegally misrepresenting themselves as federal agents. LEAR and its operatives ARE NOT LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICIALS; ANY AND ALL RAIDS CONDUCTED BY LEAR ARE CRIMINAL ACTS. Violations include Trespass of Property, Theft, Grand Theft, Larceny, Home Invasion, Assault, Assault With a Deadly Weapon and Impersonating Federal Officials. The Sheriff’s Departments of Mendocino, Trinity, Shasta, Siskiyou, and Madera Counties have played dumb to their knowledge of LEAR’s highly illegal activities on US soil. All raids by LEAR should be videotaped for prosecutorial evidence and legal cases against LEAR for the felonies committed above should be pursued immediately at both the state and federal levels.


LEAR Illegal Trespass and Home Invasion


Frauds and Carpetbaggers

California growers must learn to defend themselves from these out-of-state interests. We are faced with fighting BC Beaster Cartels, Colorado Beer Barons, Kentucky Tobacco Planters, Texas DEA Agents, Mexican Mota Handlers, Ohioan Snake Oilers, DC Douchebags and Floridian Con-Artists who have come to harvest the Mother Plant that is OUR STATE. We are California, the provider of seeds and high quality medical marijuana for the entire United States, let alone the world. Our hippie forbears brought us the best seeds from around the world in the 1960s, they built the farms and the industry from the 60’s on with blood, sweat, tears and mandatory minimum sentences. We have built a billion dollar industry yet we are now challenged by the most hateful competition from Corporations, Corrupt Law Enforcement and Red State Carpetbaggers desiring to ride in and make new rules for an industry that they gave nothing for. We have allowed ourselves to be divided by these people.

Richard Lee & The Marijuana Mafia

Richard Lee & The Marijuana Mafia

Steph Sherer - DEA Agent

Steph Sherer – DEA Agent (Possibly Active)

It is these people that came from Texas to introduce Proposition 19. It was these people that worked to undermine Prop 215 and SB420, to deliver our movement unto Law Enforcement. It was these people: the Don Duncan’s, the DeAngelos, the Steph Sherer’s, the Richard Lee’s, the Carl Kemp’s, the Wannabe McMansioners, the Hollywood Obsessed, the Canadians, the Prop 19 Bullshit Artists, the Coloradan’s with the BC seeds; all of the so-called ‘Green Rushers’ who have given nothing back to our state except contempt, heartache and a will to pillage anything that isn’t nailed down. It was these people that infected the minds of our state’s movement with ravenous greed in order to tempt us into betraying our friends so that we may be divided, conquered and enslaved. Now the same Green Rushers are running around California claiming to be the ‘Saviors of the Medical Marijuana Movement’. They constantly propose ‘New Regulations’, ‘Better Regulations’, ‘Taxation’ and ‘Legalization’ but this is a smoke screen for the desire for power and control over assets that they do not own nor did they shed a bead of sweat to earn. These people are False Prophets, pure and simple. California’s Medical Marijuana Law, Prop 215 and SB420, written by Dennis Peron and the Pioneers of Medical Marijuana misses only one critical aspect, federal recognition through the Rescheduling of Medical Marijuana; otherwise the patient’s rights and cultivators rights within the state are protected by State Law. The same cannot be said for any other state in the Union with a Medical Marijuana Law.

DEA Agent - ASA Leader - Don Duncan

Former Texas DEA Agent – ASA Leader – Don Duncan

A good example of this mentality can be told through the story of Kim and Edward Quiggle. The pair presented themselves as a Country Bumpkin grower couple from Ohio that had come to support Prop 215, but were in fact Con-Artists from Florida with a veiled Red State hatred of California and an open envy over their lack of control over California’s Medical Marijuana industry. The disingenuous scammers opened a dispensary in Long Beach called the High Quiggle Healing Center. Mr. and Mrs. Quiggle had been skilled Southern conmen with a history of financial obscurity, that had bribed members of Chase Bank and Bank of America to offer them financial services; in exchange for the services the Quiggles would collect the patient’s data and use it without their knowledge to conduct tests on them using medical marijuana strains to develop marijuana pharmaceuticals for the large corporate interests. The Quiggles presented a veneer of being stalwart advocates of patient’s rights, drawing many Pro-Medical advocates to them in hopes of mending the divisions created by Prop 19 and Richard Lee.

Floridian Conman Kim Quiggle

Floridian Con Kim Quiggle

Instead, Kim Quiggle diverted the Medical movement to serve her financial purposes, using the movement to obtain and sell information on the California industry to outside corporate interests. She obstructed attempts to reform medical marijuana at the federal level, stealing research and work performed by the American Patient’s Rights Association, The Pioneers of Medical Marijuana and other Pro-Medical Groups in a failed attempt to claim it as her own intellectual property at a federal hearing. Kim Quiggle repeatedly declared her intent to become the leader of the national movement, simultaneously calling for raids against her grower’s and vendor’s competition, and calling for a limitation of strain availability to strains in which only she had a surplus advantage. Kim Quiggle stole millions of dollars from California, illegally funneling her profits from the Long Beach dispensary through a Trust under her control to bank accounts in Ohio and Florida; giving nothing back to the state that made her a multi-millionaire and gave both her and her husband infamy.

After defrauding her vendors, growers, patients, advocates and volunteers; ‘Mrs. Quiggle’ came under the attention of the local Long Beach Police Marijuana Racket for not paying her fair share to the local political bosses. The Quiggles had bribed several officers within the Long Beach Police to tip them off about impending raids and when it was discovered that her place had come under scrutiny for fraudulent activity with patients’ medical records, she announced a ‘sudden death in the family’ and fled the state allowing her patients and volunteers to be rounded up and imprisoned when the raid came down on her dispensary. Both patients and volunteers who were at High Quiggle during the raid received felony and misdemeanor sentences, all received probation and criminal records in Long Beach’s notoriously Kangaroo Courts, medical needs were not considered. After letting her own staff hang, the Quiggles returned to quickly steal the patient’s HIPAA records and notes regarding treatment of AIDS patients; defrauding several of her local allies in the process and quickly selling off her materials to the local Salvadorian Mob so that evidence could be conveniently placed in more ‘felony-prone’ hands.

This example of Carpetbaggery is not unique but it is profound in that it illustrates the utter lack of disregard that the out-of-state interests have for the patients and citizens of California. They talk a big game, make big promises, promise support and dreams of grandeur; next thing you know, California money is being stuffed in a suitcase, records have gone missing, strains are killed, seeds disappear, wheel chaired patients are imprisoned along with the young college volunteers whose career dreams were flushed down the toilet by an act of heartless greed.


The California Medicinal Cultivators Association AKA The Big California Union 

Poster may day1

How can we, the Medical Marijuana community of California allow these injustices to go on? How can we allow ourselves to be so utterly victimized by these out-of-state predators? What must we do to protect our interests in this state? Our friends may have an answer:

The biggest problem that the Medical Marijuana industry in California faces today is a lack of formal organization; it’s a strange amalgamation of different people with different lifestyles against a highly efficient and experienced organized bureaucracy. How can California growers and cultivators expect to overcome a massive bureaucratic entity like the DEA without some kind of formal organization? They simply do not have a chance. Therefore organization by the growers, to protect their interests, is both a material necessity and social requirement.

California has historically faced this kind of ‘foreign’ pressure. When Alcohal Prohibiton ended in the 1930s, both foreign and out-of-state liquor consortiums like Coors, Seagrams and Amhuesuer Busch attempted to use their influence to seize control of the best lands in California for growing hops. Like the Consortium today they paid corrupt law enforcement and public officials to pass county by county Wet-Dry laws that contradicted the federal decriminalization of Alcohol and allowed for independent brewers to be legally victimized in a court-of-law. So what did the California independent breweries do? They formed a Union to protect their interests.

This Union of California Brewers was led by Arthur Samish, one of the most influential lobbyists of all time. He had a reputation for standing up for the individual and small business interests of California using a technique called ‘Select and Elect’. This meant a political organization that could be fairly representative of the industry had to be formed. A statewide grower’s union, with the ability to raise funds through organization, identify candidates that would protect the industry from foreign interests, select them for election and use the funds to get them elected. ‘Select and Elect’. Why not? What better way to ensure safety than make sure your regulators are your own people; this is common corporate practice in America today. It is known as Regulatory Capture.

Arthur Samish’s Brewers Union and his Capture technique, Select and Elect, is why California has some of the best microbreweries in America today. From Stone Brewery in San Diego to Anderson Valley in Northern California. The farmers, the brewers, were able to keep their lands and keep the industry that they had bled for by forming a Union to organize and drive out the foreign interest. The Brewers realized, as the California Growers must realize now, is that they are the stewards of California’s most precious resource, out fertile land. So how can we apply these lessons to the Medical Marijuana Industry in California?

First, California Growers must set their political differences aside and unite to form a union. It can be called the California Medicinal Cultivators Association, has to be suitable, not stoner, some kind of name that fits the purpose and carries a weight of serious political intent with it. The Union must be formed to defend the interests of Proposition 215 and SB420, and not for any other purpose. The growers must pick a leader, to me the choice is obvious in someone like Dennis Peron. It should be someone, like Dennis, who has stayed consistent in their beliefs, is politically wise and politically game, does not have a conflict of interest and places the California people above all else , but the growers must realize this for themselves.

The Union must be statewide and it must have the ability to congregate to perform votes and create rules. Union leaders should have term limits. There should be a bureaucratic and democratic process for voting and making decisions as a Union. The Union must be able to approve business dealings and manage its finances. The Union should be able to form committees and collect fees for the purposes of executing Select and Elect. Pro-Medical Marijuana programs should be sponsored by the Union to defend the interest of California growers against political opposition. This is what large corporations and unions around the country do, instead of rejecting the system at large, they play to win.

Union members should have advantages over non-union members. Union members should be restricted to those born in the state or who have held residency for longer than 17 years. Union members should have fixed pricing on seeds, pounds, clones and other products over non-union members. Out-of-state persons should be encouraged to form their own union, in their own state. Non-Union members should be sold seeds, pounds, clones and other products on a graduated pricing scale, a Graduated Bulk Adjustment Rate if you will, and they should pay no less than 20% above the fixed Union rate at all times.

Votes should pass by simple majority and elections should be determined by absolute majority. The Union should be presided by an elected five person panel and the Union should have the ability to recall these panel members by vote. The five person committee should serve as the leadership counsel for the Union and should consist of one Chairman who represents the Union. The committee should have the ability to sanction Union members for breaking Union Code and issue sanctions against threatening non-Union entities.

Most importantly California Union members should not compete with one another. The competition must be acknowledged from beyond our borders, Colorado, Arizona, Washington, Canada, Mexico, Uruguay, Holland, Australia, this is our competition. Colorado and Mexico have already flooded the Los Angeles market, the largest marijuana market on the globe, with their low quality seeds; lowering both price while simultaneously lowering the medicinal quality of the medication. They have taken advantage of Northern California’s disorganization to slowly whittle away at the native market share of Los Angeles.

In this regard the upcoming Legalization Initiative for 2016 is very dangerous for California growers. Mr. Soros and the Marijuana Policy Project hope this legislation will serve as a coup de’grace to the California industry. The initiative will be the Root Rot that kills the Mother Plant and makes way for Consortium controlled Legalization states like Colorado. The actions taken by Colorado growers in the Los Angeles market indicate that they fully intend to replace California’s rightful place as the world’s #1 seed distributor, something that would be utterly catastrophic to the supply of medical grade marijuana throughout the world.

The scientific facts show that the California’s climate and topography consistently yields better Medicinal Grade Marijuana than other states like Colorado and Washington which have seasonal weather and inconsistent soil types. That is why the out-of-state interests desperately covet California’s crops, California’s seeds, California’s knowledge and most importantly California’s land.

  • Patrick Rohde, American Patients Right’s Association™


Food For Thought


American Patients Rights Association™

American Patients Rights Association™

American Patients Rights Association™


Well you heard it yourselves. California Cultivators of Medical Marijuana Unite! You have nothing to lose! Everything to gain! The Time Has Come. We must gather around Proposition 215 and defend our rights, tooth and nail. Set aside your differences, seek counsel in the wise elders of old; the people you could always trust to keep fighting the good fight for the patients. We started this business to find cures for AIDS and Cancer and look how far we have come. You have all given too much, lost family, loved ones, property and memories. Do not let your sacrifices be in vain.

Remember The Past, Protect The Future

Remember The Past, Protect The Future

Further Reading

Narc vs. Narc: The Origins of the Modern Medical Marijuana Movement (restored, copy and paste)

The Marijuana Mafia

Marijuana and the California Water Crisis

May God Seal Our Fate With Blessings

- The Green Chazzan


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The New California Water Regulations And How They Affect The Medical Marijuana Industry

Team Chazzan is proud to present the latest and greatest seminar held by Patrick Rohde of the American Patient’s Rights Association, in conjunction with and sponsored by, the California Medicinal Cultivator’s Association. This seminar was given to a select group of growers, operators and activists including the author of Prop 215, Dennis Peron and the Pioneers of Medical Marijuana. The topic in discussion was the impending California Water Regulations, which you will see is becoming one of the most serious existential threats to this industry. Mr. Rohde is a California certified Environmental Scientist who has been in the environmental compliance industry for over 9 years and possesses a good standing with the medical marijuana community for his continued advocacy for federal decriminalization and medical use as both a patient and a researcher.




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The Future of Federal Marijuana Laws

Today we are pleased to present our readers with a special presentation by Patrick Rohde of the American Patients Rights Association that was made to the Senate Judiciary Committee and House Select Intelligence Committee last year, offering recommendations and guidelines for the future of federal medical marijuana regulations. Mr. Rohde has spent five years evaluating the medical marijuana industry and this presentation details regulatory criteria based on his conclusions.  He would like to clarify that recommendations in this presentation were made in argument against regulations that provide for over regulation by municipal law enforcement including tactics like ‘drugged driving’ like Colorado State Law, Proposition D and SB1262.  

“Regulations regarding ‘driving under the influence of 3 micrograms of THC or greater’ is pseudoscience and an abuse of regulatory oversight; I could have 3 micrograms of THC in my blood stream from medical marijuana that I medicated with over a month ago. I could have 3 micrograms in my blood even by simply inhaling too much second hand. As you will see in this presentation, APRA wishes to see such decisions on public health reserved for physicians and laboratories with expertise. Hopefully this will offer insight to the medical marijuana movement to follow a new path going forward. We need to get practical if we want to flourish; legitimate farmers and cultivators need to realize that can get what they want as long as the government can have their pound of flesh with the cartels”

-Patrick Rohde


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The Secret History of the Drug War

Damn it! Someone told the truth Henry!

Damn it Henry! Those damn Jews told the truth!

Due to the increased popularity of our Secret History of the Drug War Series, Team Chazzan is providing an index of all of our Secret History of the Drug War Articles in chronological order for your readership convenience, including our recent title The Devil’s Work: Marijuana in the 20’s and 30’s.

1. The Marijuana and Opium Trades – (1700s & 1800s)

The Secret Past of Marijuana Laws: The Plant and the Poppy

2. Marijuana in Colonial America – (1700s) 

America: The Venetian Republic Parts 1-2

3. The Power of the Opium Cartel (Mid 1800s to early 20th Century) 

The Opium Mob

4. The Roaring 20’s and the Great Depression (Early to mid-20th Century)

The Devil’s Work: Marijuana in the 20’s and 30’s Parts 1-3

5. The DEA Years (Vietnam War to Current) 

Narc vs. Narc: The Origins of the Modern Medical Marijuana Movement

The Marijuana Mafia

Marijuana and the California Water Crisis

Activities in Ohio


An example of what our patients are up against and a reminder of who we are fighting for, A Must Watch Marijuana Special From Vice News:

Peace & Love.

-The Green Chazzan 


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Interview w/ The American Patients Rights Association on Federal Marijuana Regulation

Patrick Rohde is the Regulatory Affairs Director of the American Patient’s Rights Association, a political consulting group that has specialized in medical marijuana laws and medical marijuana regulatory issues. Mr. Rohde has played a significant role in federal medical marijuana reform, lobbying members of the Senate Judiciary Committee, the House Select Intelligence Committee and officials within the Department of Justice, providing critical input and expertise that led to the creation of the Cole Memorandum in 2013 and the issuance of new Treasury guidelines for the medical marijuana industry this year. His organization, APRA, is currently working with the members of Congress on developing regulatory criteria for the first national marijuana law in over 100 years. He is with us today to discuss medical marijuana reform, pending marijuana legislation and current events that play a significant role in the future of marijuana decriminalization.

Simon Kokeba: Patrick, your background is in environmental science and political consulting with the Democratic Party, out of all the issues you must have come across throughout your career, why Medical Marijuana?

Patrick Rohde: I would definitely say the diverse range of pharmacological properties of medical marijuana began to attract my interest as a medical marijuana patient in college. I was fascinated with how the different strains had different rejuvenating effects on my body and I became almost obsessively curious with learning everything I possibly could about medical marijuana. I wanted to know why it made me feel healthier, why my gym performance seemed to increase not decrease and how it mitigated medical issues of my own that I initially believed were exclusive from marijuana treatment. I took a part-time job as a volunteer at a local dispensary to learn more and that experience changed my life; not only was I able to heal myself but by learning about medical marijuana from its growers and masters I was able to understand how medical marijuana heals others, namely those with chronic illnesses and terminal diseases. Working in that clinic, I watched how individuals with cancer, AIDS/HIV, MS, Psoriasis, Epilepsy, Diabetes and a number of other cutaneous and pulmonary conditions associated with industrial disease, had their conditions mitigated, by the medical marijuana and medical marijuana by-products.

SK: How effective was the treatment compared to the pharmaceuticals those patients already used?

PR: For many of the patients, marijuana acted as a complementary and sometimes supplementary medication. We found that patients taking medical marijuana with their prescriptions saw the most positive results in regards to their conditions; Diabetes patients most notably saw changes in regard to their blood sugar levels when using the medical marijuana with their medication. We also saw that patients who medicated with strains that had a CBD-THC balance provided the most positive results.  Some strains of marijuana were shown to have less invasive treatment and greater results than currently available topical treatments for psoriasis, especially industrial borne psoriasis; we also saw similar results with the same topical treatment for veteran patients that suffered third degree burns from wounds suffered at war. Immunologists who work with us have indicated that the cannabinoids seem to trigger a production of several types of white cells, and that this cellular production may lead to the mitigations of many auto-immune diseases, as well as, recovery from cancer and remission from AIDS. This potential is why I have applied my professional skills to this industry, because medical marijuana is a potential cure to some of the worst diseases to ever afflict mankind, and may become the trillion dollar pharmaceutical business of tomorrow that leads the US economic recovery. The industry just needs more professional bench strength to get the information out there that will effectively teach the public about why medical marijuana is profoundly beneficial and should be reintroduced into pharmaceutical commerce.

SK: You have been to Washington several times now to meet with Congress on this issue, what is your impression of national decriminalization?

PR: My impression is national decriminalization is coming soon; I think the President wants it. We have made a good case over the years for the economic expansion medical marijuana would provide, the federal government just didn’t understand the kind of regulatory framework that needed to be applied to the medical marijuana industry. It’s not unreasonable, every white market industry in the world is regulated, so it is natural to ask the question how do we regulate medical marijuana. We have now provided answers to that question and the government now has a framework that they can work with to craft the nation’s first legal marijuana law in over a century. I believe the President will reschedule before he leaves office, but before he does there are a several legal steps he still must take.  We cannot just simply pass a state law or make a federal law, there are also international treaty obligations with the United Nations from the Reagan and Nixon Eras that must be amended and both the President and the State Department will have to deal with that prior to the public issuance.

SK: You have called for a federal medical marijuana body that would act more in the capacity as a federal public health regulator rather than a law enforcement body like the DEA. You have argued that environmental health is more important than mitigating narco-trafficking within the marijuana industry, however law enforcement continues to argue that the industry provides the Cartels with more access to our markets, what do you say to that?

PR: This is a detailed answer, but in regards to the War on Drugs, Law Enforcement and especially the DEA among them, has failed to stem international and domestic narco-trafficking. Narcotics sales and narcotics consumption has never been higher; it’s not limited to low income neighborhoods anymore, narcotics in America now bridges all ages, races and classes. More and more evidence is coming to the surface that Law Enforcement corruption has played a significant role in the expansion of criminal narco-trafficking networks throughout the United States, and especially on the West Coast. Many DEA officers have retired to go into the medical marijuana business on behalf of some the criminals they used to arrest; what expertise could a DEA official provide to a dispensary? Most certainly not growing lessons. The DEA can’t reform, they have had forty years to prove that they could provide reasonable regulation and accurate academic studies regarding medical marijuana and they have failed in both capacities to do so. DEA is considered by the public to be the most corrupt Law Enforcement agency in the country and given the information like that your organization provides, it’s easy to see why. More importantly the general public needs to realize that the prohibition of medical marijuana is a public health crisis. Cancer and AIDS are global epidemics, 1 out of 2 males and 1 out of every 3 females throughout the world, will contract cancer in their lifetime; if medical marijuana truly is part of the cure, then laws restricting marijuana for medical use, exist as a moral abomination. The DEA is a law enforcement agency, they do not have the capacity nor the expertise to address a public health crisis, and most certainly not one associated with terminal illnesses. We give them billions of dollars a year to expand the cost of our own prison systems; why not give billions of dollars to an agency specializing in medical marijuana that has a purpose to improve medical parameters and reduce healthcare costs through alternative non-invasive therapy? And while we are at it, why not have this agency study medical marijuana and create environmental health rules that improve its medical efficacy?

SK: But what about the Cartels?

PR: Well, in maturity we must also consider that foreign medical marijuana sales within the US account for up to 80% of current international narcotics sales and that medical marijuana effectively provides a front for heroin and cocaine trafficking by organized crime. However, after essentially a 40-year case study we have seen that DEA has done nothing to stem the issue of narcotic addiction or narco-trafficking, if anything since the Bush Administration, the situation has become increasingly worse and that is being reflected by the violence we are seeing in Mexico and Central America. Medical Marijuana has been proven to effectively rehabilitate opiate users in the past, both the Cartels and domestic pharmaceutical companies are already aware of this.  The American public must understand that Drug Cartels, through their American attorneys are lobbying the Republican Congress in the United States to block reform to federal marijuana laws; and the primary purpose is to insulate their drug sales and money laundering operations using medical marijuana and medical marijuana clinics as fronts. The same groups also wish to prevent pharmaceutical marijuana from wiping out their own illicit trafficking markets.

The biggest victims of the narco-trade are the marijuana patients themselves, patients with cancer, AIDS/HIV, MS, auto-immune diseases, environmental and chemical exposures along with many other chronic conditions who need medical marijuana, sometimes to survive. Make no mistake, medical marijuana is a medicine. A medicine that stimulates the Central Nervous System and improves the body’s Immune System; that is why it works well as a retroviral for AIDS patients and that is why it fights cancer. So, ask yourself, what is the motive when a government agency like DEA, along with California Police Unions, Big Corporate Attorneys, members of the Republican Party, and even prominent liberals of the financial community including groups like Marijuana Policy Project and the League of California Cities, have done everything within their power to prohibit the availability of this pharmaceutical through unfair regulations and political obstructionism? Clearly these parties have presented a conflict of interest and do not share any social responsibility towards the persons of whom these laws were intended. That is why I believe a new agency must be formed that has an internal accountability system to prevent the systemic corruption that occurred within DEA and will have the power to confiscate the powers of Law Enforcements regulatory oversight over medical marijuana in the interest of public health.

SK: Yes, you recommended that the new agency be split into three co-equal administrations with powers to nullify each other. Don’t you think this would generate regulatory confusion?

PR: Normally I would say yes, but medical marijuana is by far an exceptional business because it transcends several business sectors: healthcare services, agriculture, and pharmaceuticals. Along with this comes the history of the Drug War and the remnants of that history that must be addressed in a manner that ultimately benefits the patients. We believe the new office should be one dedicated to public health and wellness, that is why two of the branches are dedicated to public health and environmental health; the idea is to be able to learn from and improve upon medical marijuana, so we will need the facilities to properly research new developments. Environmental health standards will be important to pharmaceutical standardization, which is important to patient safety and wellness. AIDS patients and other patients who are at risk from mold and plant disease really require regulatory protection. We also know from our experience with the DEA that the new department will need checks and balances, we would prefer to see scientists and doctors have the ability to overrule law enforcement officials on issues of public health.

SK: Some marijuana advocates have pushed for deregulation, what is your response to that?

PR: Deregulation is simply irresponsible. Medical marijuana is medical because it is a medicine and all medicines are regulated in the interest of public health and safety. By no means am I advocating limiting who may grow or how much they may grow or what strain they grow, the more the merrier, but we need to make sure that any marijuana that is furnished to a patient or reaches a storefront collective is in proper saleable condition. Meaning no mold, no plant disease, no offloading a bad crop because you want the money; basically what we are saying is you need to care and you need to have compassion for your patients just like any other pharmacy would. Prop 215 was the Compassionate Use Act, meaning you need to take care of your patients by making sure their bud is medical grade all of the time. This isn’t a bad thing, federal regulation will protect American growers from foreign competition and create jobs for American’s throughout the country to produce medical marijuana and hemp for domestic use and export. We are seriously looking at a potential multi-Trillion dollar market in ten years if we play our cards right. Our proposal would create a massive job expansion both in the private and public sector, as new employees would be required to fill the demand. We want people to be able to open collectives, start new farms and nurseries, produce hemp and medical marijuana based products and expand patient services. In return the government will have to create regulatory services for these businesses; expansion and employment will come with that.

SK: Do you see the system you are proposing ending up like the one we are seeing unfolding in Uruguay?

PR: Not at all, this is America and we are going to do things the American way. Having a centralized government distributor is not the way to go and runs the risk of being overregulated in favor of opposing business interests. We don’t want history to repeat itself, so the idea is to decentralize medical marijuana production and distribution along with decentralizing regulatory structures from a law enforcement model to a regulatory compliance model that we see with all normalized US business sectors. We want to create opportunity for Americans, one of my biggest frustrations is that medical marijuana’s narrow emergence has made it difficult for many Americans to get their feet wet in this industry and that has inhibited its domestic normalization.

SK: Because people aren’t regularly collecting a paycheck from it, or aren’t willing to admit to it.

PR: Right. But people would see it differently if their neighbor’s incomes depended on it, nobody begrudges the pharmacist or the farmer from going to work every day. When people depend on you for their health, to survive a terminal illness; your profession should be respected not derided. Many of these growers are not drug dealers, they are skilled farmers who are taking care of many individuals’ grandparents, parents, and children. The government must reschedule and set a clear line so that the public can see and understand the difference. Marijuana must be demystified to be normalized and the public must receive the education to make the best choices for their health with regards to how they use medical marijuana. By educating the public about how medical marijuana strains work, the medical marijuana movement will gradually gain mass acceptance.

SK: When marijuana is decriminalized, do you predict it will overtake alcohol in terms of social popularity?

PR: No, I think marijuana is used for medicinal purposes and will retain its own space within the social sphere.  However, given some of the medicinal properties it’s not hard to imagine a future with a significantly lower population of alcoholics and opiate addicts. There is much to look forward to.

SK: Final question, you are currently working on advocacy issues in the County of Los Angeles and the City of Long Beach especially, why there areas and not states without marijuana laws?

PR: Without a strong base this movement cannot expect to grow with strength. Long Beach represents a significant patient base in California that uses medical marijuana for their conditions; the city itself carries one of the highest populations of AIDS/HIV patients in the United States. It was formerly the premiere city for medical marijuana legislation but since 2010 we have had significant problems with the Long Beach City Police and the Long Beach City Attorney’s office with activities that borderlines organized racketeering. The new Mayor Robert Garcia has proposed a new ordinance however Long Beach’s significantly poor track record with federal and state compliance has attracted our attention along with that of federal investigators. I am currently performing oversight of the Long Beach legislative process between the ordinance committee, the planning commission, the local police and the city council to ensure that the new ordinance is legal and does not infringe upon our patients HIPAA or ADA rights or subject our patients to entrapment by the Long Beach Police Department. I am also concerned that Long Beach’s Police Chief Jim McDonnell is running for Los Angeles County Sheriff. At the July 17th, Planning Commission meeting he gave a strong speech in favor of marijuana prohibition and I believe this is something Los Angeles residents should be concerned about. We are also concerned with the abuse of Proposition D by the City of Los Angeles, niether the Long Beach City Ordinance or Proposition D is in compliance with state or federal law on medical marijuana and must bring themselves into compliance or face legal remedy by the patients in federal court.

SK: The struggle continues. We will include the link to the dvd download for our readers. We want to thank you Mr. Rohde for joining us today. You can check out Patrick Rohde and APRA’s materials on Twitter, Facebook and Google. **Update** Mr. Rohde will be joining us again for an interview next week to discuss the current crisis in global affairs and how that affects medical marijuana.**

@Patr1ck_Rohde                 @APRA_Org          

Long Beach Planning Commission:

Long Beach Police Rackets:

-Simon Kokeba 

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The Devil’s Work: Marijuana in the 20’s and 30’s – Part 3

Part 1

Part 2

The New Dawn and A New Deal

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

The use of medical marijuana began to slowly return to popularity in the United States starting in 1930. Farmers and factory workers frequently suffered from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder linked to the Great Depression as well as previous experiences fighting in World War I and they used medical marijuana to keep themselves mentally intact during the harsh, trying times of the Great Depression. The mentality of the entire country experienced an intense sea change as economic ideas surrounding government based central planning were entertained as a replacement for free market capitalism, which had led the country to utter disaster. The American oligarchy became an object of ridicule and absolute contempt by the American public. This could not have been enunciated more by the remarkable landslide election of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, considered to be a far left candidate in his era. FDR promised to use the government to make war against the “economic royalists” and “disaster capitalists” who had brought the nation to its very knees. The wealthy absolutely despised Roosevelt from the very beginning, he surrounded himself with liberal thinkers and his way of doing business was intensely different from that of his Republican predecessors.

Eleanor Roosevelt

Eleanor Roosevelt

Roosevelt, having been born out of a family that had profited heavily from the Consortium’s control of the Republican Party for many decades, was deepfully resentful of his wealthy brethren. Aristocratic jealousies and rivalries towards his natural talents and charisma culminated in his rejection and blackballing from the Porcelian Club, an elite club at Harvard for the wealthy elite, led to deep resentment and hatred for his own, the landed gentry. Roosevelt, through his wife Eleanor, was immensely sympathetic toward the plight of the American people who had been absolutely crushed by almost 50 years of absolute domination and excess by the wealthy elite and the economic collapse that resulted thereafter. Roosevelt declared that his election was a “…more than a political campaign. It is a call to arms” and he was even subtly hinting at the effort the American people would face against the domination of the syndicates, something he would receive help with from a close friend and patriotic mobster, Joe Kennedy. Roosevelt’s victory coalition largely consisted of union members, polish, Italians, jews, and blacks. Roosevelt refused to work with Hoover or compromise with the Republicans regarding an economic solution, knowing full well that they had sold out the economy to America’s criminal and enemies. However, Roosevelt would not be so fortunate as to go untested by the American oligarchy who had become content with their gold heist, regardless of the economic consequences. They would marry into the Anglo-American oligarchy and be able to have their finances stored abroad while ruling a new sharecropper nation domestically. The oligarchy had no intention of having FDR stop them from utterly dominating their newly conquered nation.

Roosevelt took office in 1933, the same year Hitler became Chancellor of Germany. The economy was devastated, over 2 million people had been made homeless and deflation continued to rule global trade. In his inaugural address, Roosevelt stated:

Primarily this is because rulers of the exchange of mankind’s goods have failed through their own stubbornness and their own incompetence, have admitted their failure, and have abdicated. Practices of the unscrupulous money changers stand indicted in the court of public opinion, rejected by the hearts and minds of men. True they have tried, but their efforts have been cast in the pattern of an outworn tradition. Faced by failure of credit they have proposed only the lending of more money. Stripped of the lure of profit by which to induce our people to follow their false leadership, they have resorted to exhortations, pleading tearfully for restored confidence… The money changers have fled from their high seats in the temple of our civilization. We may now restore that temple to the ancient truths. The measure of the restoration lies in the extent to which we apply social values more noble than mere monetary profit.”


Roosevelt’s First 100 days was known for the enaction of the New Deal, the largest scale domestic reform ever known in US history. The New Deal would be based on an anti-monopoly anti-oligopoly tradition; bigness was seen as a form of wasteful central planning. Safety nets would be enacted; the minimum wage, child labor laws, workers compensation, unemployment compensation, unemployment relief, Social Security, public employment and health insurance would be created in America for the first time. Ideas from Wilson’s mobilization were tooled around increasing job production and harnessing middle and lower class purchasing power. The government would regulate the unfettered competition, the government would stand to protect the people from the abuses of the landed class, the government would stop the monopolies and create jobs, the government would cure the infection of organized crime that had seized its claws into the very fabric of society and the government would tax the rich to pay for all of it. New Deal opponents would be derided publically as the Old Right, servants of the landed class that had brought about the financial apocalypse around them.

Averall Harriman

Averall Harriman

The Depression hit every aspect of life, farms were destroyed, factories closed, job evaporated and both food and money were scarce. The US had been reduced economically to that of a Third World nation within in its own time. The impact on US heavy industry spread throughout the world. European nations collapsed and both fascist and socialist dictatorships took power throughout Europe. Stalin, Hitler, Churchill, and Mussolini all came into their prime during the 1930s. Canada, reliant on illegal alcohol exports to the US, saw their economic output cut in half as impoverished Americans could no longer afford simple liquor sales. American tariffs crushed Caribbean and South American trade. China and Japan went to war over territory, with Japan trying to stave off depression through a war economy. The Consortium came under the power of Colonel Henry Stimson, John Foster Dulles, George Herbert Walker, and Averall Harriman during FDR’s reign, the group had become wealthy making loans through Walker and Harriman’s banking interests to Nazi Germany. The German government was  very uninhibited when it came to human rights limitations on chemicals and pharmaceuticals. Harriman and Prescott Bush would become the bankers that funded Nazi Germany’s economic programs during the 1930s. Stimson was commissioned to bring down FDR at any cost and he decided to do so by utilizing his Anglican connections to agitate a war in Europe.

Col. Henry Stimson

Col. Henry Stimson

Stimson knew he could not touch FDR politically, he was simply too popular and the newly redirected Federal Bureau of Investigations had become a formidable opponent as well. Roosevelt’s Vice President, Henry A. Wallace, was one of the New Deal architects and even more liberal than Roosevelt was. The Economy Act balanced the federal budget by reorganizing the government but allowed for future deficit spending for emergency economic action. Congress distributed the Bonus Bill to the World War I veterans, something previously denied by the Republican government. The New Dealers promoted Keynesianism with balanced budgets as a pragmatic approach to creating start-up economic expansion. FDR passed the Emergency Banking Act which reopened shuttered banks with new cash injections from the Federal Reserve; Treasury officials were given greater law enforcement power as many banks had been previously owned by the Syndicate and were not eligible for Treasury funds. The Glass-Steagall Act limited interaction between the Commercial and Investment Banks to protect the consumer from the frauds that had been perpetrated by the banking community during the 1920s. The banking reform created unprecedented economic stability. The Securities Act of 1933 was enacted to create the SEC to monitor the banks owned by the wealthy and protect the stock market from speculative attacks by traders loyal to either the City of London or their own greed.

WPA Project

WPA Project


Public relief agencies were created to immediately aid the working poor and create jobs. The National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) created the National Recovery Administration which had a blanket mandate to raise consumer purchasing power through job creation and industrial regeneration. The NRA worked closely to empower unions and give the workers greater ownership of the workspace in which they operated. Wages had to be fair and working conditions had to be safe and fair. Price stabilization was enacted to control deflation and the NRA aided in this by creating jobs in industries like coal production. The NRA became a major target for the American upper class and the Republican Party as it regulated industry in a way that to them was unheard of and far more equitable to the middle and working classes. The Public Works Administration created millions of jobs building bridges, airports, roads, dams, post offices, courthouses and highways. The Resettlement Administration (RA), the Rural Electrification Administration (REA), rural welfare projects sponsored by the WPA, National Youth Administration (NYA), Forest Service and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) were created to develop forests, the national parks, create utility infrastructure for towns, build schools and reforest lands to improve the environment which had been devastated by the Dust Bowl, a product of corporate farm mechanization and centralization. The Tennessee Valley Authority was created as one of the largest dam projects the world had ever known. The FHA was created to regulate housing and trade was liberalized to end the trade gridlock created by the Republican tariffs. The Gold Standard was suspended to allow the Treasury to inject emergency liquidity to stave off the disastrous deflation; the Wall Street brokers smirked at this knowing that much of America’s gold had been sent to London in 1931.


Most importantly, Roosevelt repealed Prohibition and not just Alcohol Prohibition; he also repealed the 1922 Narcotics Drug Import and Export Act and curbed the Harrison Tax Act to make medical marijuana and more importantly, hemp, economically available. The Bureau of Narcotics oversight over medical marijuana and hemp was severely limited by the New Deal, and the advent of the AAA at first. The Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA) was originally created to regulate food prices, giving farmers a chance at last to fight Wall Street speculators and obtain fair food prices. Hemp was the most widely cultivated, most widely distributed and most profitable crop the farmers were allowed to produce from 1933 to 1945.



To quote Jack Herer:

Modern technology was about to be applied to hemp production, making it the number one agricultural resource in America. Two of the most respected and influential journals in the nation, Popular Mechanics and Mechanical Engineering, forecast a bright future for American hemp. Thousands of new products creating millions of new jobs would herald the end of the Great Depression….As early as 1901 and continuing to 1937, the USDA repeatedly predicted that, once machinery capable of harvesting, stripping and separating the fiber from the pulp was invested or engineered, hemp would once again be America’s number one farm crop….The prediction was reaffirmed in the popular press when Popular Merchanics published its February 1938 article “Billion Dollar Crop…a trillion dollar industry by today’s standards.

New Deal Hemp Farm

New Deal Hemp Farm

From the article Jack is referencing:

American farmers are promised a new cash crop with an annual value of several million dollars, all because a machine has been invented which solves a problem more than 6,000 years old. It is hemp, a crop that will not compete with other American products. Instead it will displace imports of raw materials and manufactured products produced by under paid [immigrant] and peasant labor and it will provide thousands of jobs for American workers throughout the land…..Hemp is the standard fiber of the world. It has great tensile strength and durability. It is used to produce more than 5,000 textile products, ranging from rope to fine laces, and the woody hurds remaining after the fiber has been removed containmore than 77% cellulose, and can be used to produce more than 25,000 products, ranging from dynamite to Cellophane.

From the farmers point of view, hemp is an easy crop to grow and will yield from three to six tons per acre on any land that will grow corn, wheat, or oats….Thousands of tons of hemp hurds are used every year by one large powder company for the manufacture of dynamite and TNT. A large paper company, which has been paying millions of dollars a year in duties on foreign made cigarette papers now is manufacturing these papers from American hemp grown in Minnesota….Our imports of foreign fabrics and fibers average about $200 million a year; in raw fibers alone we imported over $50 million a year in the first six months of 1937. All of this income can be made available to Americans.

New Deal Hemp Company

New Deal Hemp Company


1930's Hemp Field

1930’s Hemp Field

Excerpt from New Deal Era literature:

“Aside from the suspension of the Gold Standard (the first and foremost important price lifting measure) and the closing and re-opening of the banks, the most spectacular early measures of the New Deal were the Agricultural Adjustment Act and the National Industrial Recovery Act. Both were nullified by the Supreme Court which, by these very decision, contributed greatly to the outcry for judicial reform. The AAA gave subsidies to farmers for taking land out of cultivation, and did much to raise farm purchasing power in consonance with the basic aim of the New Deal….Within one year the AAA increased farm income by 38% and farm purchasing power by an estimated 25% through the inauguration of the very production control method that was originally used by the industrialists. The cost of the fam subsidy was paid for by a small imposed sales tax. The NIRA, approved June 16 1933..’intended’ to (1) legalize those voluntary trade associations which President Hoover had discouraged by removing the restraints of anti-trust laws; (2) to make them effective by bringing the recalcitrants into line through compulsion; but (3) to bestow these privileges upon trade and industry in return for their acknowledgement of social responsibility in the form of concessions to labor and the consumer….the cold blooded, ruthless fashion in which the industrialists consciously moved to vitiate these provisions of the section that was beneficial to labor perhaps did more to educate the country about the socially irresponsible character of the big proprietors than had all the preachments of the radicals for years. Moreover the pathetic eagerness with which a vast multitude grasped at just $12 a week, and the outcry from the Southern Industrialists against such ‘high wages’ drove into public consciousness the fact that labor in the United States, except its aristocracy in the AFL craft unions, had long been fiercely exploited at coolie pay. Details of the farm situation highlighted in the debate around the AAA, also had a similar educative effect, so that if the New Deal did nothing else it succeeded, in these and other of its efforts, in implanting a deep suspicion in the public mind about the motives and methods of the big feudalistic proprietors, who habitually masquerade as simple businessman.

The gigantic program of unemployment relief embarked upon by the New deal was of direct aid to retail trade and to the farmers in that the money paid out to the unemployed went immediately to the purchase of necessities. Several government agencies were created to handle the projects, but the WPA, launched on May 6 1935, finally consolidated all the divisions of relief. Works Progress funds were allocated to naval building, to municipal improvements, and construction where local governments shared part of the cost, to reforestation, and many other ends; the principal aim however was to get money into circulation. In connection with the building and construction phases of this program there was of course, a demand for cement, stone, machinery, steel, and lumber, which was of benefit to heavy industry; but the benefit was neither so great nor as immediate as that conferred upon industries more closely aligned with the retail market.

Meanwhile, various measures designed to hamper banks in their domination of heavy industry were passed under presidential authority. The first of these was the Banking Act of 1933, which divorced commercial and investment banking, provided for insurance deposits, and vested in the Federal Reserve Board the right to control loans entering speculative channels. The separation of the deposit and underwriting functions of the banks was a blow directed consciously at JP Morgan , and measurably weakened the power of that and other private banking houses. Not at all strangely, this action was sought and approved by Winthrop Aldrich, chair of the Rockefeller’s Chase Bank. Weakened under Hoover, the Rockefellers were strengthened for a time by the New Deal- by the sharp rise in oil prices, and the improvement of the real estate market, and although John D Rockefeller Jr. outwardly maintained his Republicanism, the Standard Oil clans helped the New Deal at many points and manifested cordiality to its acts. The New Deal reciprocated by doing nothing in its early stages at least, to disturb or injure the Standard Oil Empire. After passage of the Banking Act, JP Morgan immediately set up Morgan Stanley for handling securities issues, but as this branch was effectively segregated from the central house the firm could no longer function as freely as of old. Extension of the powers of the Federal Reserve Board by giving it control over the open market committee and over the reserve requirements of membership banks also weakened JP Morgan power in finance…symbolic of the new regime Marriner S. Eccles, small banker and mining entrepreneur from Utah, was made governor of the Reserve Board. Control of the money market was transferred to Washington, was thereafter to be by whoever controlled the government.”

-Ferdinand Lundberg, America’s 60 Families (1937)



Despite FDR’s ability to unite the middle and working class into an industrial powerhouse he still faced grave issues with the American oligarchy and the Republican establishment. The oligarchy may have lost complete control of the Presidency but they still retained power over the Supreme Court and large portions of the press. FDR often had to defend his New Deal initiatives in the US Federal Court system against the Republican activist judges seeking to rule his recovery programs unconstitutional on behalf of the oligarchical interest. He responded to this by unveiling the second half of the New Deal which passed the Social Security Act, creating welfare and a social safety net; the Wagner Act, giving unions the right to form and collectively bargain; the WPA was expanded even further to create major projects like the Lincoln Tunnel, LaGuardia Airport, the Bay Bridge, and many other large urban restoration projects that laid the seeds for later Great Society projects. The Revenue Act of 1935 hit the wealthy the hardest, it was literally designed to redistribute wealth from the top to the bottom. The bill imposed an income tax of 79% on incomes over $5 million, making the tax code equitable for the first time since its implementation. The rich called Roosevelt a ‘traitor to his class’ in utter hatred of his dismantling of their empire of greed. He also enacted the Housing Act of 1937 to abolish slums and create a housing authority.


Lend-Lease Hemp Promotion


New Deal Hempfield

FDR also opened a new front against the Anglo-American elite by empowering the FBI to initiate surveillance against them. Fiorello LaGuardia, the notorious anti-Mafia Mayor of New York, came to power in 1932 as well on a large anti-crime ticket; he worked closely with J. Edgar Hoover to bring down ‘The Big Heat’ on the American Syndicate. He had Lucky Luciano arrested, purged the New York police force of corruption, led search-and-destroy lynch mobs against Syndicate casinos and black market rackets. The Syndicate responded by unleashing their assassins on a country wide bank robbing spree to destabilize the economy. Hoover worked with notorious gangster hunter Melvin Purvis to bring down Syndicate bank robbers like John Dillinger, Ma Barker, Babyface Nelson, Creepy Karpis, and Machine Gun Kelly. The FBI also played a pivotal role in rounding up the criminal members of the KKK, especially those who had penetrated Southern California city administrations in the 1920s and set up racial rackets. LaGuardia was also joined by Thomas Dewey, a Republican prosecutor; a former Wall Street trader, that sought to end New York corruption after losing much of his fortune in the crash. Dewey targeted Lucky Luciano’s Upstart “Commission” which had taken over the power vacuum left by the fall of Mr. Arnold and Al Capone.

Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia

Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia

One of his biggest prizes was gangster Dutch Schultz, whom he had battled as both a federal and state prosecutor. Schultz’s first trial ended in a deadlock; prior to his second trial, Schultz had the venue moved to Malone, New York, then moved there and garnered the sympathy of the townspeople through charitable acts so that when it came time for his trial, the jury found him innocent, liking him too much to convict him.

Dewey and La Guardia threatened Schultz with instant arrest and further charges. Schultz now proposed to murder Dewey. Dewey would be killed while he made his daily morning call to his office from a pay phone near his home. However, New York crime boss Lucky Luciano and the “Mafia Commission” decided that Dewey’s murder would provoke an all-out crackdown. Instead they had Schultz killed.”

  • MacMillian, The Five Families (2008)

The Mafia suffered further setbacks as fascism took over continental Europe and Benito Mussolini began a purge of Sicilian mob leaders to consolidate power within Italy. This disrupted the French Connection which relied heavily on Turkish opium in the 1930s and for Sicilian intermediaries which had been disconnected by Fascist Italy. Narcotics income practically went to zero after the New Deal’s AAA reform decriminalized medical marijuana and hemp. When Mussolini took power in the mid-twenties he went on a tour of the country to present his new leadership program of fascism to the entire country; when in Palermo, he was received by Don Francisco Ciccio, the mayor of Palermo who insulted Mussolini when he was told he would not need a police escort. Mussolini responded that fascists did not need a peasant escort insulting Ciccio. The Don ordered the townspeople not to attend Mussolini’s speech and released patients from the local mental ward to attend instead. The deeply angered Mussolini appointed Cesare Mori to form a secret police in Sicily that would end the Mafia dominance once and for all. Mori would be one of the most swift, effective and brutal opponents the Mafia had ever encountered.

Cesare Mori

Cesare Mori

Mori took up his post in Palermo in November 1925 and remained in office until 1929. Within the first two months he arrested over five hundred men, a number that would only grow in the following years. In January 1926, he undertook what was probably his most famous action, the occupation of the village of Gangi, a stronghold of various criminal gangs. Using carabinieri and police forces he ordered house-to-house searches, picking up bandits, small-time Mafia members and various suspects who were on the run. He did not hesitate to lay siege to towns, use torture, or take women and children as hostages to oblige suspects to give themselves up. These harsh methods earned him the nickname of “Iron Prefect”.

Mori understood the basis of Mafia power. In order to defeat the phenomenon, he felt it necessary to “forge a direct bond between the population and the state, to annul the system of intermediation under which citizens could not approach the authorities except through middlemen…, receiving as a favour that which is due them as their right.” Mori’s methods were sometimes similar to those of the Mafia. He did not just arrest the bandits, but sought to humiliate them as well. If he could exhibit a strong central authority to rival the mafia, the people would see that the Mafia was not their only option for protection.

Mori’s inquiries brought evidence of collusion between the Mafia and influential members of the State apparatus and the Fascist party. His position, however, became more precarious. Some 11,000 arrests are attributed to Mori’s rule in Palermo. That led to massive amounts of paperwork in order to prepare for the trials, which may have been partially responsible for his dismissal. Mussolini had already nominated Mori as a senator in 1928, and in June 1929 he was relieved of his duty. The Fascist propaganda proudly announced that the Mafia had been defeated.”

  • Newark, Mafia Allies (2007)

Roosevelt’s Challenge


Seeking to preemptively stop the Supreme Court from dismantling the second New Deal, FDR attempted his court packing plan with the Judicial Procedures Reform Bill of 1937. The bill allowed the President to power to appoint an additional Justice to the U.S. Supreme Court, up to a maximum of six. FDR had also punished many of the Lochner Era judges by pushing them out of the court through pension cut threats. The court attempted to stop one of FDR’s critical measures: Executive Order 6102. This order seized the gold held by the wealthy, in the form of coins, bullion and certificates and exchanged them for dollars at fixed rate. This was to prevent the wealthy from manipulating the money supply with their gold and London accounts as they had previous done throughout the last 50 years. The court ruled that the government could not seize the gold, even though it was being done to protect the currency from speculative attack by the European powers. Chief Justice Charles Evan Hughes had a personal vendetta against FDR and also had close relations with the British Royal Family, the Dutch Royal Family and the Du Pont family who were ardently opposed to FDR’s allowance of hemp production. Hughes led the challenge against FDR’s attempt to break the railroad monopoly, the New Deal farm subsidies, stock market regulations, the NRA and NIRA, the AAA and the New Deal coal program. The Supreme Court ruled on many of these on “Black Monday” on May 27, 1935. Roosevelt’s court packing bill was unfortunately defeated, but his attempt to unseat the oligarchies power in the court led to more desperate and violent ends to stop his reforms.

Chief Justice Charles Evan Hughes

Chief Justice Charles Evan Hughes

FDR won a stunning landslide reelection in 1936 much to the chagrin of the American landed elite. He had a strong anti-imperialist foreign policy which derided the exploitation and immiseration caused by the British and French Empires and their colonialism of other continents. FDR also wished to renounce the right to unilateral intervention in South America and give more diplomatic power to international bodies. He became more critical of Adolf Hitler, especially as FDR’s enemies began to rally around Hitler with Henry Ford. Col. Stimson, head of the Anglo-American Consortium  began conspiring with Churchill on ways to compel FDR to comply with British wishes and also on ways to assassinate FDR as well. He had already been the target of several coup attempts, one most infamously participated in by Prescott Bush and Averall Harriman called the Business Plot. The coup was averted by the testimony of Smedley Butler who became opposed to the American oligarchy after the Bonus Army massacre. The Consortium  would be indicted again by FDR for supplying illegal monies and arms shipments to Hitler during World War II in 1942 under the Union Banking Corporation, those named in the indictment included many Consortium  leaders: Averell Harriman, E Roland Harriman, Prescott Bush, Samuel Pryor, Fritz Thyssen, and Robert Lovett.

Prescott Bush

Prescott Bush

One of the top targets of the oligarchies response to FDR’s court packing attempt was the new hemp crop propping up the Middle Class. Not only was it an industrial threat to the Anglo-American oil, pharmaceutical and vice companies but it was the main engine driver of FDR’s New Deal programs and the oligarchy believed that if the crop could once again be controlled it’s decline would also defeat the New Deal.

In the mid-1930.when the new mechanical hemp fiber stripping machines and machines to conserve hemp’s high cellulose pulp finally became state-of-the-art, available and affordable, the enormous timber acreage and businesses of the Hearst Paper Manufacturing Division, Kimberly Clark USA, and virtually all other timber, paper and large newspaper holding companies stood to lose billions of dollars and perhaps go bankrupt.

Coincidently in 1937, DuPont had just patented processes for making plastics from oil and coal as well as a new sulfite process for making paper from wood pulp…accounting for over 80% of all the companies railroad carloadings over the next sixty years into the 1990s. If hemp had never been made illegal, 80% of DuPont’s business never would have materialized…jeopoardizing the lucrative financial schemes of Hearst, DuPont and DuPont’s Chief Financial backer, Andrew Mellon of the Mellon Bank of Pittsburgh”

-Jack Herer

Andrew Mellon

Andrew Mellon

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Andrew Mellon, evil billionaire and executive harbinger of the Great Depression immediately set to work employing his ex-cronies within the Bureau of Narcotics, chiefly Henry J. Anslinger to reinstitute marijuana and hemp prohibition through a press based social engineering campaign using Hearst’s media resources. Anslinger was actually married to Mellon’s niece and he shared in Mellon’s lucrative financial ties. The idea for the Marijuana Tax Act of 1937 was developed originally to create a tax to profit off the sale of medical marijuana and hemp synthesis as a medical application, it was originally designed from firearms taxes but both Mellon, DuPont, Anslinger and Hearst intended to meddle with the act to generate a different result.

In the secret Treasury Department meetings conducted between 1935 and 1937, prohibitive tax laws were drafted and strategies were plotted. Marijuana could not be banned outright; the law called for an ‘occupational’ excise tax upon dealers and a transfer tax upon dealings in marijuana. Importers, manufacturers, sellers and distributors were required to register with the Secretary of the Treasury and pay the occupational tax.”

-Jack Herer



Anslinger led a very public, racially charged campaign backed by the American oligarchy against medical marijuana. He was opposed by the AMA and Fiorello LaGuardia, but Anslinger abused his Bureau of Narcotics position to strip pro-marijuana doctors of their licenses, corralling the AMA into submission despite medical evidence to the contrary. Anslinger debated publically with LaGuardia while leading a highly publicized drug seizure campaign with the Bureau of Narcotics against medical marijuana. Medical marijuana dealers were derided as being ethnic and of the criminal underworld. Racist and classist media was used to turn American views against marijuana as a corrupting illicit drug. Reefer Madness was born. The blow to the AAA by the Supreme Court firmly put medical marijuana back in Anslinger’s jurisdiction and abusing the regulations of the Marijuana Tax Act, he barred all marijuana dealers from being federally licensed by the Treasury Department effectively putting a halt to hemp production at the national level. Marijuana production for hemp would only be allowed going forward by the Bureau of Narcotics for oligarchical dealers that wished to grow hemp on their lands in US territories for the military.

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FDR also faced another challenge from the Department of the Navy in which Henry Stimson had become very influential and was bringing the relationship between US and British naval intelligence closer for his own purposes. This led to penetration of Naval Intelligence by British Intelligence who openly recruited members of the American syndicate to serve as intelligence operatives in Europe. Stimson sought to counter FDR next by realigning the military apparatus and officer’s corps behind him which was more effective than trying to bribe FDR military loyalists like Smedley Butler, Douglas MacArthur and Dwight Eisenhower. Stimson also directed the oligarchies efforts to unseat Vice President Henry Wallace during the Democratic National Committee and replace him with Harry Truman, a Stimson loyalist and someone who could eventually turn Eisenhower to their influence. He was much colder and calculating than the brash Harriman, Bush and Walker business coup attempts, which had failed numerously throughout FDR’s tenure; the public battles with the court also brought more criticism against oligarchical power and gave FDR more strength to expand the New Deal. FDR had also started the Lend-Lease program with the beginning of the Spanish Civil War, an economic program for the British and French that demanded payment in gold. If Hitler went to war, FDR could repatriate gold through lend lease, Stimson knew that more extreme measures would be necessary.

Henry Wallace

Henry Wallace

Stimson and John Foster Dulles began to direct members of the Consortium to begin increasing financial and military backing to Adolf Hitler and the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany. This occurred most notably during the Spanish Civil War from 1936 to 1939 which served as preliminary war game for the greater conflict to come. Hitler would conquer Europe, Hitler would destroy their rivals, Hitler would conquer the world and anoint the wealthy the master race of all Earth. Competition among the American oligarchy and the British peerage broke out over who was pro-New Deal and who was pro-Hitler. Neither accepted Stalinist Communism, but both stood behind the economic miracles of the American New Deal and Nazism. Both ideas were similar in method but differed immensely in execution; both ideas revolved around central planning but while FDR sought to support and restore market conditions, Hitler sought to fundamentally alter the world order. Neither of them wanted the dominance of a British reserve currency any longer; the British had destroyed the world economy and a new reserve currency had to emerge. Hitler’s aggression towards the Jews and other European states beginning in 1938 was the end result of decades of evil and excess by an unforgiving and unapologetic sect of the power elite. The Consortium could not seize the reins of power in America back from FDR and the New Deal Democrats, so they preferred to destroy it by backing Hitler’s plans for world domination. Stimson would also provoke the Japanese by utilizing his connection to strain trade relations between the Japanese Empire and the US. FDR routinely plotted against Stimson and Churchill with Vice President Wallace and Joe Kennedy; he had become keenly aware of what the American oligarchy and the British oligarchy were trying to perpetuate but he faced a big problem, the American gold still remained within City of London vaults and that the power of the Consortium would continue until America could repatriate the stolen precious metals. FDR knew Stimson and the Consortium wanted to drag America into the war to force a war economy that they could control, especially through opium and pharmaceutical sales for the war injured; he opposed the war on that principle, having now spent his Presidential career in battle with these oligarchical forces. However, he knew that he would eventually have to convince the American people to make war, otherwise financial recovery would be impossible because the Nazi’s would seize American gold reserves in London that were needed to pay down the Depression debts.

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler

This ultimate prospect was what forged the fateful, albeit temporary alliance, between FDR and Stimson that lasted from 1940 to 1945; unifying the American public with the American elite to stop the ultimate evil that was Adolf Hitler from ruling the world. By 1940, the British had been defeated by the Nazis at the Battle of Dunkirk and the Battle of Britain raged against the English isles; the Royal Family now paid for its sins in the face of total annihilation against the Frankenstein monster of their own creation, the Nazi War Machine. The City of London was under constant bombing by the German Luftwaffe and fears that the international and royal gold reserves of London would be seized by a foreign power became a reality for the first time. The Nazi’s had already confiscated Jewish and foreign gold from seized territories throughout Europe and were using the proceeds to generate currency to continue the massive wear effort; seizing the City of London would be the economic coup d’grace and the ultimate triumph for Hitler. Both FDR and Stimson feared that the United States would never recover from such a blow nor remain under the control of either side, but rather through financial obligation to Nazi Germany. However, despite cooperation, the Consortium continued to work against FDR and the New Deal by financially aiding the Nazis and funding strikebreakers like the KKK, American Legion and the German Bund; namely the Bush and Walker families who envisioned a Nazi victory in Europe.



Stimson, in an uneasy affair, would become Roosevelt’s Secretary of War in 1941. Stimson appointed top members of the Consortium, Robert Patterson, Robert Lovett, the Dulles Brothers and Stimson’s right hand, John McCloy, to executive positions within FDR’s cabinet. Stimson also elevated the career of Republican loyalist General George Patton in an attempt to coerce Gen Dwight Eisenhower under his influence to maintain rank over Patton. The Consortium reached out to Lucky Luciano to provide top recruits from the Mob that could serve as officers within the Army and Navy of whom Stimson and his loyalist officers could use to form the OSS under the purview of Consortium officer William Donavon. Stimson’s new group of Consortium upstarts would later be instrumental in the assassination of John F Kennedy. Stimson, along with Oppenheimer, is considered one of the fathers of the atomic bomb; he took direct personal control of the project and his advice was followed at every aspect by both Roosevelt and Truman. Stimson overruled military officers when they opposed his views and often destroyed their careers. This would be proven later when under his influence Gen Douglas MacArthur was pushed from the military high command by Stimson’s lackey Harry Truman.

Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Hiroshima and Nagasaki


“He was the only top government official who tried to predict the meaning of the atomic age—he envisioned a new era in human affairs. For a half century he had worked to inject order, science, and moralism into matters of law, of state, and of diplomacy. His views had seemed outdated in the age of total warfare, but now he held what he called “the royal straight flush.” The impact of the atom, he foresaw, would go far beyond military concerns to encompass diplomacy and world affairs, as well as business, economics and science. Above all, said Stimson, this “most terrible weapon ever known in human history” opened up “the opportunity to bring the world into a pattern in which the peace of the world and our civilization can be saved.” That is, the very destructiveness of the new weaponry would shatter the ages-old belief that wars could be advantageous. It might now be possible to call a halt to the use of destruction as a ready solution to human conflicts. Indeed, society’s new control over the most elemental forces of nature finally “caps the climax of the race between man’s growing technical power for destructiveness and his psychological power of self-control and group control–his moral power.”

  • Stimson’s Memoir
John McCloy

John McCloy

Stimson’s White House coup came in early 1945, when Henry Wallace was unseated as Vice President at the Democratic National Convention in January; he had feuded publically with many of the oligarch’s over labor rights and had been trashed repeatedly for it in the newspapers. The political effects of the media’s assault finally took their toll and he was replaced by Harry Truman, a pawn of Averall Harriman. This event was shortly followed by FDR’s assassination on April 12 of 1945; he had already suffered declining health after several poisoning attempts between 1941 and 1944. He was poisoned while vacationing at his personal retreat in Georgia, his death was attributed to stress from years of political struggle, overwork, sleeplessness and general declining health from traveling to peace negotiation with Britain and Russia. FDR’s son alleged that Stalin informed him that Churchill had ultimately been responsible for the poisoning of FDR, possibly beginning at the conference at Yalta. Stimson retired at the end of the war, but before doing so he appointed members of the Consortium to Truman’s cabinet, they would be infamously known as “The Wise Men”: McGeorge Bundy, George Kennan, the Dulles Brothers, Robert Lovett, John McCloy, Dean Acheson, Charles Bohlen and Averall Harriman.

General Douglas MacArthur

General Douglas MacArthur

The Wise Men of the Consortium would be instrumental in putting a halt to the reforms implemented by Franklin Delano Roosevelt and the New Deal. The Wise Men empowered Anslinger to further ends and put a young Congressman named Joseph McCarthy under his wing to serve as a protégé. The Wise Men would retool the CIA to go after the OAS’ opium fields in Indochina and from there they would restart the international opium trade with the help of their mafia connections established through Lucky Luciano, who would be freed from jail along with his mafia associates in Italy under the guise of anti-communism. The same lines from the 1920’s Red Scares would be drummed up again, marijuana use would be blamed on unionists, socialists and communists. The Wise Men would work with the Syndicate Upstarts in Hollywood to bring Ronald Reagan to power within the Hollywood union; Reagan persecuted many of the left wing stars under the guise of anti-communism to remove their influence from opposing Syndicate/Wise Men influence in Hollywood. The major opposition to the Wise Men came in the form of FDR’s close friends General Douglas MacArthur and Joe Kennedy, father of JFK, RFK and Ted Kennedy. Joe Kennedy was FDR’s business and Syndicate confidant, the head of the old Irish Mob, a bootlegger, a marijuana smoker, and a man with contempt for the likes of Capone, Luciano and especially Stimson. He was known with actively feuding with many of FDR’s enemies, including the Canadian Bronfman/Seagram’s families which Kennedy competed with using distilleries managed by FDR’s son, James Roosevelt. Samuel Bronfman was also a member of the Consortium and a founder of modern Canadian conservative power brokers.

Joe Kennedy

Joe Kennedy

General Douglas C. MacArthur, super-patriot and epic war hero, successfully retained much of the power of the American military command from the Wise Men until midway through the Korean War when Averall Harriman and Dean Acheson were successfully able to put enough pressure on Truman to force a removal over MacArthur’s perceived insubordination to the Wise Men’s intentional mismanagement of the conflict. Korea, to the Consortium, was a distraction to be created while ex-syndicate members now represented in the Italian Mob, CIA, MI6 and OAS set up opium facilities in Turkey, Sicily, France, Spain, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and Burma to create an international opium distribution network that was more vast than any other known in world history, yet secret and hidden from the public through control of media outlets and trafficking flows. Joe Kennedy was wiser than his counterpart and used his wealth to financially align himself with Joseph McCarthy as a form of protection primarily for John F Kennedy, whom he was already grooming for President to restore the New Deal. He also groomed his other son Robert Kennedy to become Attorney General and use his families’ connections to effectively combat the Italian Mafia that had been borne from Luciano’s Commission. Kennedy knew he would have to fight the Republican Wise Men in the top world, the Mafia Commission in the underworld and the Consortium in the back world to protect the gains achieved socially and economically by the New Deal. Joe Kennedy would die shortly after JFK would become President. He would not witness the assassinations of his sons at the hand of the Consortium, nor would he see the dismantling of his friend and mentor, Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s, achievements for the American people be dismantled following the election of Richard Nixon and the era of Consortium rule that was to follow.



Barack Obama

Barack Obama

This story is a tale of truth from the 20th century, buried deep beneath 100 years of propaganda, misdirection, lies and subjugation. The Drug War is illegitimate, it is a form of slavery that was originally designed for depopulation, but is now designed for a jailhouse population and to keep humanity sick and poor so that the Consortium may continue to profit. Right now, our President Barack Obama, stands like FDR before the financial power of the Consortium; he has been trying to free marijuana from the constraints of Prohibition’s bondage, knowing full well, just as FDR did, that hemp can save an economy and marijuana could save the health of the planet from industrial disease. You must help humanity by helping the President free this medicine, please share this story with everyone you know; the Consortium have pledged themselves to death and profit, we must oppose them by pledging ourselves to life and you can do that by sharing this knowledge with others. Baruch Hashem.

The Green Chazzan 

**Special thanks to the American Patient’s Rights Association for their excellent research! 

What happened after? Check out our Narc vs. Narc series!

Reference List **Being Updated**

  • Katcher, Leo (1959). The Big Bankroll. The Life and Times of Arnold Rothstein, New York: Da Capo Press ISBN 0-306-80565-0
  • Cohen, Adam, Nothing to Fear: FDR’s Inner Circle and the Hundred Days that Created Modern America (2009)
  • Herer, Jack. The Emperor Has No Clothes. (2007) 
  • Lundberg, Ferdinand. America’s 60 Families. (1937)
  • Rothbard, Murray. America’s Great Depression. (1963)
  • Nixon, Edgar Franklin D. Roosevelt and Foreign Affairs (1969)
  • Zinn, Howard, ed. New Deal Thought (1966)
  • Kessler, Ronald. The Sins of the Father: Joseph P. Kennedy and the Dynasty He Founded. Warner, 1996
  • Gerber, Larry G. The Limits of Liberalism: Josephus Daniels, Henry Stimson, Bernard Baruch, Donald Richberg, Felix Frankfurter and the Development of the Modern American Political Economy (1983)
  • Roosevelt, Eliot. As He Saw It. (1974)
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The Devil’s Work: Marijuana in the 20’s and 30’s – Part 2

Mr. Arnold

Arnold Rothstein - The original Mr. Big

Arnold Rothstein – The Original Mr. Big

Arnold Rothstein was the Boss of All Bosses, literally the founder of American organized crime and one of the greatest criminal masterminds to have ever lived. Rothstein was born in 1882, the son of a wealthy Jewish immigrant racketeer and was known to be a natural at probability, mathematics, and was well read on matters of business. Rothstein started taking over Manhattan gambling rackets at a young age by his late twenties expanded his personal rackets to fixing horse races; providing horse race tips allowed Rothstein to network informants and earn friends within the private banking community. Rothstein became connected to members of New York’s Tammany Hall and of New York high society through the popularity of his no tax elite gambling halls. Rothstein conducted business with members of the 60 Families including the Rockefellers, Carnegies, Hearst, Goulds, Morgans and other members of the railroad and banking trusts from California. After becoming a millionaire in 1912, Rothstein moved on to large scale racketeering and started creating the building blocks for the first organized crime organization in the United States using his financial prowess as support.

Rothstein rose to power in what became known as the infamous Black Sox Scandal. Rothstein had successfully rigged the 1919 World Series and was acquitted along with the players in the ensuing investigation. Records related to the court case also disappeared and this was attributed to payoffs made by Rothstein during that time. Rothstein saw opportunity in the disaffection of the general public with the political class and his golden goose came with the passage of the Volstead Act following the Boston Police Strike. His money and connections with bootleggers and former alcohol dealers would serve him well in setting up a vast network of private clubs where alcohol could be enjoyed at prohibition prices. His fixing of the World Series had made him and his associates from Chicago, Cleveland and New York immensely wealthy and they were eager to profit from Rothstein’s further ventures.

Bureau of Narcotics Raid

Bureau of Narcotics Raid

Rothstein’s organizing of the underworld into organized municipal syndicates would go largely without criticism and unnoticed as the government focused its resources on crushing labor unions and communism. The Palmer Raids would begin in November of 1919, with Attorney General Mitchell Palmer appointing one, J. Edgar Hoover, head of the Department of Justice’s General Intelligence Unit. Hoover was to compile a list of labor leaders and communist sympathizers to round up for investigation and arrest. Large groups of labor sympathizers were rounded up and charged under the Espionage Act and deported many of the convicted to Europe. The Syndicate was formed under the leadership of Rothstein known in the underworld as ‘Mr. Arnold’ or ‘Mr. Big’, was facilitated by his infamous sub-bosses: Meyer Lansky, Lucky Luciano, Dutch Schultz and Legs Diamond.

Lucky Luciano

Lucky Luciano

Several of Rothstein’s associates from Tammany Hall were looking to go into filmmaking but were barred from film production on the East Coast due to industrial patents held by Thomas Edison and his associates at the Motion Picture Patent Company. Rothstein worked with Cleveland and Chicago Syndicates to set up the movie studios in Los Angeles to produce films and promote west coast rackets as railroad expansion brought in eastern migration.  Rothstein introduced the concept of racketeering theatres, triggering company battles for movie rights and display rights at theatres; he achieved this by hustling the construction workers unions and manipulating union tactics to coerce the theater owners. Rothstein’s associate Lepke Buchalter, who would later go on with Rothstein to form Murder Inc., was put in charge of setting up a new movie studio system on the west coast to take over the movie production industry. Rothstein provided loans for the new studios and expanded his control of construction unions to the national level. He financed the Selwyn Brothers, Samuel Goldwyn, Louie B. Mayer, Meyer Lansky, Bugsy Siegel and Moe Dalitz to form now infamous studios such as MGM, Paramount, United Artists and 21st Century Fox.

Bugsy Siegel

Bugsy Siegel

Rothstein’s organization of the Mob couldn’t have come at a better time. The labor crisis of 1919 evolved into an economic crisis in January of 1920 as the war demobilization sharply contracted the economy. The United States entered a very severe bout of deflation that lasted for seven months, crushing the middle and lower class labor forces as Wilson reestablished the Gold Standard; this move would tarnish his administration and bring about Republican victory. Returned veterans could not find jobs, labor strikes crippled industries, the reimplementation of the Gold Standard and wage stagnation crippled the economy devastating many municipal economies throughout the country. Organized crimes’ fortunes enhanced when Warren Harding, the Ohio Republican candidate for President won his election under the slogan of “A Return to Normalcy”. Harding was a puppet of the Ohio oil and railroad interests, represented by the “Ohio Gang” a band of politicians and industrialists selected for Harding’s cabinet; but he also fell under the influence of Lou Rothkopf, Arnold Rothstein’s head of the Cleveland syndicate. Harding’s victory was a free pass to economic control for the Mob; alcohol and marijuana speakeasies were quickly established in every major urban area throughout the country. Harding with the Federal Reserve cut taxes, lowered interest rates and increased the money supply, making the availability of dollars more easily available in the market. Rothstein essentially possessed the perfect racket, his organized syndicates around North America would peddle vice to the public while taking in their increased supply of dollars; in turn Rothstein had these dollars converted to gold. The gold increased in value as Harding issued more dollars into the economy and allowed Rothstein to have a medium in which to easily launder the Mobs speakeasy monies. The gold would be stored at mob friendly banks in the City of London and New York. This would inevitably begin the cycle that led to the Gold Crisis of 1931 and the acceleration of the Great Depression.

President Warren Harding

President Warren Harding

Another powerful medium for Rothstein and Rothkopf’s monies was the newly established film industry; large sums of cash were often accepted in 1920’s California without question. The Depression of 1920-21 had absolutely crushed the speculative oil boom that had driven the state following the Gold Rush; the Southern conservatives, city administrations and police departments could not resist the large influx of mob cash and the allure of Hollywood glamour that had stimulated the imaginations of millions around the world. The arrival of Rothstein’s agent, Bugsy Siegel, would change Los Angeles’ destiny forever; as his dynamic personality was able to merge the interests of the California conservative elite with that of organized crime. Traditionally, since the late 1800s, the Irish Mob made it a habit of implementing themselves within city political machines to protect their neighborhoods from corruption and abuse at the hands of other ethnic gangs. Under Rothstein’s unified syndicate model the Irish Mob retained significant influence as the gatekeepers for mafia activities being ran by other ethnic gangs like the Italians and the Armenians. The Irish would maintain control of the cities’ apparatus, the city hall, the police department and the public works administrations; the Italians would function as the gangland muscle and the operators; the Armenians would be the transporters and the Jews would be the money men; collectively these groups would birth the American Mob.  Irish control of the Los Angeles Police Department and LA County Sheriff made it easy for Rothstein to corrupt the police; the Sheriff practically operated as his personal squadron, covering up the misdeeds of famous Hollywood celebrities who worked for Rothstein’s studios while exposing the deeds of others to the press for profit. The American Mob’s racist sentiments in the twenties enhanced the situation of police abuse towards minorities. The police were expected to ignore and even aid syndicate activities while also being directed to make arrests predominantly in Black and Latino neighborhoods; race based arrests were easy media sensations and could easily maintain the prestige of the police force while covering for their participation in the rackets. Rothstein was practically in control of 25% of  United States business by 1925.


‘A Return to Normalcy’


The United States had retained the Gold Standard following the passage of the Federal Reserve Act in 1913; the natural inflation from the 1880’s had been hyperextended by the artificial inflation created during World War I. The Labor Crisis of 1919 slowed the government response to the economy leading to the Depression of 1920-21. Warren Harding won a landslide victory, restoring Republican power under the guidance of the Ohio Gang using the slogan ‘A Return to Normalcy’. Harding responded to the crisis with import-export tariff’s and a job’s program but troubles remained far from over as the new administration began to blatantly hand over the reigns of economic power to the wealthy. Prohibition Laws became a tool of domestic surveillance with the Bureau of Prohibition and the Executive Office itself being notoriously corrupted by mob influence. Union tensions heightened quickly during the Battle of Blair Mountain, the largest civil uprising in US history and the origin of the infamous Mother Jones, when 3000 police had a massive shootout with 10,000 armed coal miners. The blood shed was to remind the unions that the government was willing to help the corporations use force against them.

Battle of Blair Mountain

Battle of Blair Mountain

Harding’s government also brought about the Lochner Era, a time of an extremely conservative Supreme Court that gave the constitution to the large corporations on a silver platter. The Lochner Court was vehemently anti-union and struck down many attempts at pro-union legislation and attempts to implement child labor, minimum wage and maximum work hour laws. The Court also aggressively struck down taxes against large corporations, many among them being Syndicate interests. Harding’s government was very similar to that of George W. Bush’s, the origins of the term cronyism began with Harding’s government due to criticisms resulting from civic abuses by the Ohio Gang. This cabal of White House officials firmly entrenched interests sympathetic to the American oil cartel. This led to the Teapot Dome Scandel when the Secretary of the Interior, Albert Fall, gave a no bid contract on Naval oil reserves to Sinclair Oil and Pan American Petroleum. In return, Fall received millions of dollars (in todays money) in bribes and pay offs. The congressional Democrats successfully led an inquiry into the abuse and found the assets Fall had used to purchase with the bribe money, the scandal became the Watergate of its time and the court proceedings lasted well beyond Harding’s death in 1923. Fall would become the first cabinet member to be convicted of bribery.

Secretary Albert Fall

Secretary Albert Fall

Governance under Harding had collapsed with the Teapot Dome scandal and his death in office and the more respectable Vice President Calvin Coolidge was thrust into the presidency. Coolidge was also a Presidential patsy for the landed elite just as Harding was before him, but unlike Harding, Coolidge was more politically astute and was able to cover for many of the crimes perpetrated by the US Republican oligarchy. Coolidge oppressed the farmer class heavily during his tenure, allocating many of the benefits of government services to the urban service, business and financial sectors. Coolidge made one, J. Edgar Hoover, the head of the Bureau of Investigation which was to administrate the Mann Act, an anti-prostitution racket agency that was primarily used to collect information on philandering officials and prominent men.  He appointed a rogue’s gallery of politicians to his cabinet to transform the economy into a state of ‘scientific taxation’, which was a euphemism for lowering taxes for the rich and deregulating industry. Herbert Hoover was made Secretary of Commerce, he transferred authority of child labor back to the states and created a mass deregulation program for the economy. Andrew Mellon was also named Secretary of the Treasury; Mellon was opposed to medical marijuana over strongly held racial and classist beliefs. Coolidge made it his mission to fulfill Harding’s obligation to roll back the taxes that the wealthy had instituted during World War I; the war contracts that the wealthy had benefitted from were gone and the financial elite desired to transform the US into a service/financial based economy based on theories of Hayekian supercapitalism. The US had become immensely wealthy through obtaining European gold in World War I and were able to extend their money supply to expand development like never seen before. New York became the hub for the global elite and Hollywood entered its Golden Age through the wealth expansion; lower rates instituted by the Federal Reserve also stimulated economic excess. Taxes were cut three times under Coolidge in 1924, 1926 and 1928; government services were also cut which increased the financial burden on state and local governments.

Calvin Coolidge

Calvin Coolidge

The lower class accounted for over half the US population in the 1920s; wages and profits among the lower and middle class stagnated throughout the 20’s in a similar manner to that of the 2000’s while business profits hit new high watermarks thanks to the easy money. Because of the wage stagnation, low rates, deregulation and easy money, lending criteria was tossed out the window after 1925 by investment banking institutions. ‘Buying on Margin’ became a casual social term. Financial products and instruments that were normally available only to the oligarchical elite were made available to the public at large. Because of the asset and liquidity bubble being generated by the Federal Reserve and the Treasury department, banks offered margin deals on American stock to the middle and lower classes as a means of retirement savings. The American people, largely uneducated in finance, were unaware that the government had created an artificial economy based on low rates, hot money, European bonds, and cheap fiat. Meanwhile, the Republican government was asset stripping itself, reducing taxes and lowering receipts, selling valuable government land to private owners instead of profiting on leases, dismantling government income and also allowing the sale of federally held gold.  However the economy, after 1927 became largely built on the Federal Reserve’s monetary expansion as European investors began to slowly withdraw assets to fight the onset of the Depression brought upon by World War I.


US culture became greatly defined by what was described in the Great Gatsby in the mid-20s, a have and have not culture. This was called the ‘Weimar Culture’ attributed to attitudes also seen in post-war Germany during the inflationary era of the Weimer Republic. The youth were called ‘The Lost Generation’, disillusioned by war and Wilson’s domestic dictatorship; this generation produced many great authors including Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, T.S. Eliot and many others. Cultures like Dadaism emerged that resembled metrosexual cultures of today. Urban populations grew rapidly, crime became a public norm, liberal views of equality for women and gays became prevalent especially among the urban educated, and violation of the Volstead Act or Prohibition was widely in vogue. Family units widely collapsed during the 20s following the early 1920 depression and the fast money environment that ensued afterwards made it economically difficult to sustain having children. The divorce rate increased sharply during the 20’s and the definition of relationships with women widely changed. A sexual revolution of sorts occurred; cosmetics, which had previously only been used by prostitutes and clothing models became extremely popular for the flapper culture.  Open relationships and divorce became normal, especially with the economic difficulties men faced versus the cultural promotion of wealth and excess in the Roaring 20’s. This was widely viewed as a rejection of the ‘Victorian’ way of life. Eugenics was considered ‘science’ and extreme nativism became culturally popular. Xenophobia was a widely held belief following World War I with much of the economic malaise being blamed on the Europeans. The KKK, like the Tea Party, rose up as a reaction to this new liberal culture. The KKK would prove to be the most radical Prohibitionists, forming their own Prohibition Anti-Saloon League lynch mob’s to bust alcohol and medical marijuana speakeasies (“tea pads” in Los Angeles)


“The white, native-born Protestant American, as a member of the religious and racial majority, was usually incapable of doubting his native institutions. The blame for the maladies of his world must rest elsewhere. And so he looked to other influences – Roman Catholics who supposedly challenged Protestant hegemony and the separation of church and state. Catholic, Orthodox, and Jewish immigrants crowding onto American shores, Negroes seeking more equitable treatment, American Jews who kept living costs up while wages went down, and numerous other elements of frustration before which he felt helpless. Then the Klan entered his community and offered him a way to fight back. It’s not surprising that the Klan’s strongest supporters were residents of the rural and isolated countryside and city dwellers who had just recently arrived from the farm who were shocked by the lifestyles they witnessed in the big city. The drastic changes of the preceding half century had largely passed them by and lessened their influence in the country they felt they had once dominated. Now resentment of city and city people and nativism came together in the form of the Ku Klux Klan.” – Indiana State Library


Mr. Arnold took to expanding his control over the open US economy through industrial racketeering. Bootlegging proceeds were used to gobble up real corporations like construction companies that would then be used to extort monies from companies they developed for. The actual bootlegging would be left to men from the lower gangland echelons while Rothstein and his higher up associates would provide social and legal cover. Often Rothstein would have his speakeasies and marijuana clubs ceremonially raided by the police under his payroll so that the business would be left alone from future investigations. Rothstein’s gangland penetration of local police departments and Henry J. Anslinger’s Bureau of Narcotics would be critical to his development of the international heroin trade. Rothstein, seeing the opportunities present under Narcotics Prohibition, bailed out several major Chinese opium traffickers in California to assume control of their business in return. To domestically traffic the opium, Rothstein bought a series of art galleries around the country and would often ship fermented heroin through art pieces to keep the authorities unaware. Rothstein would establish the Ports of Los Angeles/Long Beach and San Francisco as two of the largest drug trafficking ports in all of North America.

Old Big Pharma

Old Big Pharma

Almost immediately Rothstein saw a higher return on the syndicate’s heroin sales over their marijuana sales. With heroin their customers could not help but come back for more and would be willing to pay higher prices once their addictions sat in. Marijuana users tended not to use heroin and were ultimately less profitable than their opium addicted counterparts. The narcotics money was washed through the same process that the alcohol and cigarette monies went through, cash would go unreported and would be laundered into gold. Rothstein maintained private agreement with members of the Anglo-American opium oligarchy, to maintain shipments of opium to America from Turkey, India and the Far East in exchange for gold, which Rothstein could easily reproduce. The shipments, in tandem with the illegal alcohol shipments from Canada and Mexico, revealed the beginnings of a private business consortium that was willing to put its full weight behind Rothstein and the American Mob to continue a banned but extremely profitable business from being restricted by a sovereign government. Rothstein, by the time of his death, possessed influence over every major Alcohol and Tobacco distributor in the world; every city machine and sizeable municipal police force was in his pocket; the film industry, under the guidance of his lackey Louis B. Meyer, had become a very lucrative source of income and he had the silent backing of the Anglo-American Pharmaceutical companies that were quietly selling him opium to be sold on the street. The industries under Rothstein’s stewardship would eventually become the Big 5 of Marijuana Prohibition: Big Alcohal, Big Tobacco, Police/Prison Unions, Big Pharma/Opium and Big Oil who became involved with Rothstein after he brought new investment into Southern California.

Louis B Meyer

Louis B Meyer

Organized crime would rule the United States from 1921 until 1932. The power of money was all prevailing following the Financial Crisis of 1920 and Prohibition had practically handed the newly organized Mob a bottomless bank account. Operations under Rothstein were notoriously smooth and came to be known as the Golden Age of the Gangster as ethnic gangs worked in harmony to keep Rothstein’s new cash flows maintained. In the mid-1920’s, Rothstein’s associate, Lou Rothkopf of the Cleveland Mob, came to influence a Bureau of Prohibition officer named Henry J. Anslinger. Rothkopf put Anslinger in charge of overseeing the northeastern heroin rackets, arresting competition and protecting the Syndicate’s operations. Rothstein, realizing the usefulness of having a corrupt police demagogue under his payroll, floated Anslinger several busts to promote his career as a drug czar. The notoriety and connections gave Anslinger official duties as a US drug control advisor and international narcotics control authority. He was promoted by the US government to travel throughout Europe and evaluate the drug control programs of the Western European nations. As the US’ narcotics representative, Anslinger made contact with Rothstein’s business associates within the Anglo-American Opium Cartel; he found that they were very pleased with the outcome of the drug control treaties. Profits had never been higher, despite opium’s international ban, Rothstein’s drug ring had created a large and highly lucrative domestic heroin market in an America powered by hot and fast cash. The British oligarchy, hampered by the economic costs of World War I, empowered Anslinger to set up heroin processing plants throughout the world using their embassies and diplomatic anti-narcotics missions as cover. They realized that the greater the drug sales in the United States, the sooner they would be able to economically recover their war losses through Rothstein’s laundered gold exports to the City of London. Anslinger would travel to all of the major opium producing regions of the world to establish covert factories that would synthesize the raw opium into heroin, the most notorious being the French Connection established between Turkey, Indochina, Sicily, Corsica and Marseilles.

Harry J Anslinger

Harry J Anslinger

However as the money grew, so did the greed among the gangs. Through an unfortunate twist of fate, the Boss of all Bosses, Arnold Rothstein, was assassinated in the fall of 1928 in a barbershop that he owned. The lynchpin to the entire American Syndicate had been killed and the power vacuum left behind by Mr. Arnold was immense. The government launched an immediate investigation into Rothstein’s syndicate, uncovering large heroin networks throughout New York State and Chicago. International heroin production centers were also unveiled in France, Holland and Belgium by the Bureau of Narcotics as being the key to Rothstein’s narcotics empire, however the Bureau had already relocated most of the critical operations to Southern France and Italy by the time of the raids. The Syndicate quickly fell into turmoil as Italian Bosses like Al Capone violently put their foot forward to assume control of the alcohol rackets. Future mob kingpins Lucky Luciano, Meyer Lansky and Frank Costello targeted the gambling and narcotics rackets with the intention of quickly reestablishing the primacy of the Syndicate’s operations as they had been under Rothstein.

Al Capone

Al Capone

With Mr. Arnold’s death, the decorum that had previously taken place within the Mob was gone. Between 1929 and 1934 the American Mafia was virtually a mobsters free for all. Gangs quickly struck out on their own, developing their own scams and rackets; violently competing with each other for control of shipping lanes and turf. The anarchy was accelerated by the Stock Market Crash of 1929. Rothstein’s Gold Ring had reached its nadir, too many dollars (liquidity) had been removed from the economy by the public’s love for the illegal alcohol and narcotics industries. The government, already having cut taxes several times on the populace, found itself in a financial crisis as too much money had been created relative to the national gold supply. The German economy entered hyperinflation in 1929; the European economy had become dependent on War Reparations and the issuance of new bonds to be bought by American investors. The imbalance of the global economy created a crisis in European bonds by 1929 as European countries failed to economically recover from World War I; the default of bonds created a stock market contagion that quickly spread to the United States. As the stock market began to collapse, large margin calls began to wipe out large blocks of liquidity in the market; the US economy had become severely overextended by the speculative bubble. The agricultural and manufacturing sectors had declined due to deregulation, union busting and debt; these sectors composed of the majority of the US economy and were not strong enough to insulate America from the economic shocks to the financial and services sectors. Loans dried up and banks began to become insolvent as their capital investments were reduced to zero.



The Dust Bowl

The Dust Bowl

Hoover was considered to be a ‘useful idiot’ by Andrew Mellon and the Ohio Gang who had persuaded Coolidge to exit stage right in popularity in favor of Hoover, who was a staunch careerist. Mellon had become the spokesman for the American oligarchy in the 1920s and owned one of the largest international banking firms in New York. He had a great reputation for using fiscal policies to ease credit and reduce the public debt. He was keenly aware of the situation that had materialized within the United States, a large pool of fiat liquidity had amassed without the proper Gold supply to back it; imminent defaults on European bonds would have led to large losses and a categorical reduction in the US gold supply to make good on those losses. Mellon and the Federal Reserve had expanded the dollar supply so rapidly during the Roaring 20’s that the United States could only pay 40% of its gold liability. To protect the bullion interests of the oligarchy, Mellon raised the interest rate and sharply contracted the money supply to deflate the dollar back to gold parity. This decision was fine for oligarchical interests who held large bullion and dollar supplies but was utterly devastating for the American farmer and manufacturer who watched as the prices of their products bottomed out, killing thousands of farm businesses and factories throughout the country. Many of the service sector businesses had become mob owned after 1925 and these businesses practically evaporated with the US money supply.

Hoover returned to the playbook used by Harding and Coolidge; putting forward ideas to cut taxes to stimulate growth while investing in large infrastructure projects to stimulate employment. However, unbeknownst to Hoover, a large portion of the assumed tax base had been fraudulent due to the flourishing of organized crime under the previous administrations. The large majority of the population were farmers, mal-investment led to an overproduction in agricultural goods which compounded with the deflation created by Mellon and the Federal Reserve, crushed the commodities market and all of the American farmer’s profits with it. Manufacturing goods followed suit as factories lost their customer bases and raw material vendors. There was literally no tax base left to be had. Hoover scrambled to provide government aide to the public sectors, creating public works programs to build new federal buildings, passing large agricultural subsidies, and prevailing wage acts to boost growth. Hoover, however would not break with Mellon’s view of keeping a balanced budget, refusing to push the government into debt to stave off the Depression. Instead he ran with suggested ideas like deporting 500,000 migrant workers and helping pass the disastrous Smoot-Hawley Tariff which exploded like a bomb on international trade.

Andrew Mellon

Andrew Mellon

In 1929, following the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre, Hoover became aware of the large hand of international narcotics that had taken control over the economy of the United States. Vast quantities of heroin and alcohol were being produced outside of the country and the dollar income from those sales was being used to buy US and foreign gold. It became apparent that the Bureau of Prohibition had become completely corrupted, thus Hoover commissioned Mellon to use the authority of the Treasury to divide the Bureau into two organizations: The Bureau of Prohibition which was to be formed from new recruits and led by Eliot Ness; and the Bureau of Narcotics, which drew recruits from the old bureau and was led by Henry J. Anslinger. Hoover hoped to mitigate the Bureau’s corruption by focusing them on tackling heroin rackets ran by minorities not realizing that it was the Bureau who managed them. Heroin imports and sales had declined temporarily following the assassination of Arnold Rothstein; the US government mistook this for a decline in popularity of the drug when in fact the Bureau of Narcotics was already in the process of making the international heroin trade more efficient by establishing the French Connection.



The final nail in the economic coffin would come in 1931. Eliot Ness’s Untouchables had ferociously dismantled Al Capone’s alcohol empire, breaking the Canadian-Seagram’s Connection and pushing the Italian Mobs back into competition for the narcotics rackets. Ness was a national hero in a decade of practical lawlessness and it became clear that public opinion had staunchly turned against the Mob following Capone’s brutal massacres. Traditionally gangland activities had always stayed incognito and behind-the-scenes, but Capone, an Italian, had loudly brought the bloody violence, public corruption and racket competition before the scrutiny of the public. The landed gentry had also earned the ire of the public at large as they were blamed, and rightfully so, for bringing about the economic devastation that had ripped the world apart. Calls for bigger government and the seizure of the wealth’s ill-gotten assets created a panic among the American elite who saw an existential threat to their status in society with the rejection of lessee-faire capitalism as an economic ideology.




Trade unionists and economic liberals like Franklin Delano Roosevelt became popular as political candidates, calling for increased taxes and the seizure of monetized commodities. Andrew Mellon, facing impending impeachment, called for a meeting between the Anglo-American elite which included Averill Harriman, leader of the Consortium  and one of the richest bankers in New York. Harriman and Lord Montague Norman of the British Central Bank made a shocking proposal: Norman would raise the interest rate on the pound from 1% to 5%, 1.5 points above the US prime rate with an additional 0.5% on all gold deposits and that all gold would be guaranteed by the English Crown. The Dollar had proven to be a formidable adversary to the international dominance of the British Pound following the First World War. Norman viewed his plan as a painful necessity in maintaining the Pound as the global reserve currency which in turn would maintain the power of the British Empire. Norman’s rate hike would become historically infamous as the coup d’grace to the global economy; literally overnight, vast sums of gold deposits exited the private accounts and accounts of Central Banks around the world. The gold was quickly centralized in the City of London which guaranteed depositor safety from the Crown and higher rates of interest. An international currency crisis immediately followed as non-pound denominated currencies collapsed from the sudden decline in gold reserves. The US economy entered the worst period of deflation in its history, the sudden loss of gold reserves put the economy into complete freefall; banks closed, loans and deposits vanished with the loss of dollar reserves. New money could not be created and old money was being hoarded as prices declined by the hour. The Republican moneyed elite had reached the depths of their own greed and depravity, they had successfully defrauded their own country, the entire country, through the use of organized crime.

Bonus Army Massacre

Bonus Army Massacre

The Great Depression was an unspeakable horror. By the end of 1931, industrial production collapsed by 46%, prices fell by a third, foreign trade declined by two-thirds and unemployment soared by over 600%.  Urban cities filled with citizens from the South and Mid-West, desperately searching for work. Hoovervilles became common with the large population of homeless erecting tent cities to support themselves. The most notorious Hoovervilles’ were in New York’s central park, the Port of Seattle and The Bonus Army, an assemblage of 17,000 World War I veterans and their families in Washington DC led by the famous General Smedley Butler. The federal government had not honored several of the certificates issued to veterans from World War I and Hoover met the protestors with violent reprisals from the local police and the Army which eventually drove the Hooverville from Washington DC.

Continue to Part 3…..

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The Devil’s Work: Marijuana in the 1920’s and 30’s – Part 1

Devils Work

Forward – He Who Has The Gold Makes The Rules

The Secret History of the Drug War from the 1920’s and onward, starts to get really heavy with lots of twists and turns between corrupted federal and state agencies, mafia bosses and syndicates, merciless corporations and bent politicians, as well as monarchies and brutal oligarchical agendas. This article unveils the truth about why medical marijuana prohibition happened, it is a long and complex tale that will be divided into several parts for the reader’s convenience. As I stated in my thesis, the goal of these reading’s is to illustrate how the American Drug War built large and lasting institutions throughout the 20th century, how Republican Party primacy was achieved through the War on Drugs and how the Drug War evolved into a uniquely American mechanism of state oppression that would shake the very foundations of our democracy. References and a wider array of empirical evidence will be sited here from time to time but most will be reserved for the book that will be released by this author, hopefully within the year. These articles are primarily for public consumption, meant to educate the public on why our laws are the way they are and to stimulate thought and discussion as to how our laws may evolve to the greater benefit of our families, livelihoods and our democracy.

At the advent of Prohibition there were several political, social and economic circumstances that have to be considered to fully understand its rationale:

  • America in the late 19th and early 20th century had become a state defined by hyper-patriotism, messianic racism, eugenics and racial science, religious revivalism and reactionaries, political corruption and Gilded Age greed.
  • The British Opium Wars and the American Civil War heavily enriched a faction of Robber Barons known as ‘The Consortium ’, ‘The Opium Cartel’, ‘The Robber Barons’ and ‘The Gold Ring’. The Opium Cartel would dominate Republican politics following the Civil War and would include many powerful Republican figures of the Robber Baron Era including William Huntington Russell, John D. Rockefeller, Theodore Roosevelt, E. H Harriman, George Herbert Walker, Leland Stanford, Collis Potter Huntington, Mark Hopkins, Charles Crocker, Jay Gould, Andrew Mellon and Warren Delano Jr.
  • Opium was used prior to 1906 as a medicine and as a weapon of vice against enemy nations. The Anglo-American Opium Cartel profited heavily from both producing both opium and morphine, while owning Chinese Opium Dens and controlling the Chinese people trafficking trade to California through Chinese organized crime. Medical marijuana and marijuana were viewed as competitors to opium and opiate products in America. The Opium Cartel would come to dominate and monopolize western US railway through opium imports from China to California to make morphine. Trade liberalization of opium in the late 1800’s would allow the Opium magnates to help other industrialists build their monopolies through banking deposits and loans.
  • Many of the opium magnates would become major railroad, chemical, oil, tobacco, alcohol and finance powers themselves but the most powerful would evolve their corporations into the pharmaceutical companies that we know today as ‘Big Pharma’. This cabal of ultra-wealthy and their financial networks would historically be known as ‘America’s 60 Families’, the American super-elite who intermarried with ‘the landed gentry’ of Europe. Many powerful American figures would come out of this dynasty, most notably President’s Theodore and Franklin D. Roosevelt, Gerald Ford, VP Nelson Rockefeller, George Bush and George W. Bush, and many others. In the 21st Century, these interests are represented by a faction within the Republican Party that controls Tobacco, Alcohol, Pharmaceuticals, Oil and Prisons otherwise known as the Neo-Conservatives.
  • At the beginning 20th century, Republicans and Democrats were divided into four camps:
    • Roosevelt Progressives (Republican) – Strong military, Gold Standard, Nativist, Big Business, Robber Barons, Anti-Labor, Eugenics, Big Pharma, Big Alcohol, Big Tobacco, Big Firearms, KKK, Close Ties to Europe, Chemical Companies and Banks.
    • Taft Progressives (Republican) – Isolationist, Gold Standard, Anti-Trust, Pro-Labor, Pro-Minimum Wage, Pro Food Control, Public Works, Urbanization, Women’s Suffrage.
    • Business Progressives (Democrat) – Strong military, Gold Standard, Big Business, Anti-Labor, Eugenics, KKK, Social Conservatives and Temperance, Religious Reactionaries, Prohibitionist, Women’s Suffrage.
    • Southern Democrats, Free Silver and Free Soil (Democrat) – Isolationist, Anti-Trust, Pro-Farmer, Pro-Labor, Religious Revivalist, Prohibitionist, Nativist, KKK (mixed pro and con), Anti-Gold Standard, Anti-Eugenics, Small Business.

American politics by 1900 became completely controlled by political machines and big business interests of the American elite, elections were more often than not rigged and were also racially bias due to Jim Crow laws and segregation. Yellow journalism became a powerful tool to influence finance and politics and many newspapers were first opened by the elite, like William Randolph Hearst, the New York Times and the Oppenheimer Family, to harness the power of the media to achieve their political goals. American politics were largely defined by the outcome of the civil war and the imposition of the Gold Standard by the Republicans upon the American people. Wedge politics was heavily influenced by British racial theories and Protestant Revival ministers during the mid-to-late 1800s and as a result social ills were largely attributed to foreigners, targeted ethnicities and classes, their religions, and the industries they were associated with. Newspapers owned by wealthy industrialist families would exploit racial tension and fear as a means to suppress Marxism, Socialism and the new labor movements called ‘Unions’.

The Gold Standard became an economic imposition throughout the world as Great Britain, the holder of the world’s reserve currency at the time, the Pound Sterling, had used the policy to repatriate its own gold from China. Great Britain held a large empire throughout the world that benefitted from global fiat exchanges of the pound which has surfaced out of necessity through the Napoleonic Wars. Large debt excesses to China after 1820 emerged due to gold settlement policies and the British, in order to stave off inflation and economic disarray, engaged in a policy of opium purchases and sales to China.

The plot to sell opium for gold was highly complex and could not have been achieved without the help of American railroad industrialists. China’s population suffered opium epidemics into the 1840’s and realized England was attempting to hook their population on an English owned product prior to returning to a Gold Standard; this would give the British the opportunity to reverse the trade balance and strengthen the British Pound. Regulatory intervention was blocked by the first Opium War and hot money investment flowed into China through the development of the opium trade in California; a market and money bubble would emerge in China during the American civil war through medical narcotics demand from China.

The California Opium Baron’s would pioneer the California railroad industry to ship Chinese and British gold across the United States to New York where it would be delivered to London. Lincoln knew that the Northern Republican elite were descended from British merchant aristocracy and created the fiat greenback as a way to stave off British influence over the Union economy during the war as they were backing both sides. This financial process, after Lincoln’s assassination, led to the creation of the Republican Gold Ring, the consolidation of the 60 families and inevitably the imposition of the Gold Standard in America by the Anglo-American financial elite.

We will explore America’s evolution with medical marijuana through the early 20th century as Prohibition, corrupt government and organized crime would jostle to gain control of the distribution of the herbal medicine.



kkk took my baby

The noise from among the different medical marijuana camps in recent years have left most Americans, speculating in bewilderment about the reasoning behind marijuana’s prohibition. Figures like Don Duncan of American’s For Safe Access, Thomas Forcade of High Times and Keith Stroup of NORML have often misled the public by primarily attributing marijuana prohibition to petty racism and cultural attitudes of the late 1930s.  Wiser heads like Jack Herer left evidence pointing to more sinister machinations surrounding the chemical company DuPont Nemours (DuPont-Astor-Roosevelt), Monsanto, Koch owned paper companies like Georgia Pacific and to no surprise, Big Tobacco companies like Phillip Morris and RJ Reynolds.

However, even with all of this ‘evidence’ the citizenry seem unable to draw a definitive conclusion as to why medical marijuana is illegal, it just doesn’t add up. If medical marijuana was used as a medicine in America for almost 150 years, why would it be suddenly just taken away? Was fervent patriotism and racism enough? How could the medical community so recklessly group marijuana with opium? Were Big Tobacco and Big Pharma politically able to do it alone?

The key to understanding all of the above, is to inherently understand the nature and foundation of Prohibition itself. In order to do this we must take an honest and sober look at the politics and society of the United States up to the initiation of Prohibition in 1919. America from the Spanish American War onward had been imbued with a sense of Superpatriotism that was commonplace among the Western nations prior to World War in 1914. The American economy had rapidly emerged as the world’s leading industrial economy and like so many industrializing nations, had found itself in a state of class war between Big Business and the newly emerged organized labor.

Anti-Saloon League Poster

Anti-Saloon League Poster

The rise of labor power in America came as a symptom of organized industrial corruption that had come to pervade all aspects of society from the 1880s through the 1920s. Big Business responded to labor with violent repression through their political front men and by sponsoring racial-religious organizations like the Temperance Movement, the Anti-Saloon League, the KKK, the Know Nothings and other various Protestant nativist groups that would keep the middle and working classes divided. America was also defined by an immense wealth disparity between the rich and poor. The wealthy insulated by the Gold Standard from the working classes, indulged in Eugenics and Racial Sciences to justify not only their race but also their positions in society and in the world.


This amalgamation of forces would soon spiral out of control under the dictatorial presidency of Woodrow Wilson. The period of Woodrow Wilson’s presidency was defined by racial hyper-nationalism that can only be resembled in very small part by American patriotic fervor experienced during Ronald Reagan and 9/11. The hyper-nationalist movement was intensely public, demagogic, intimidating, exceptionalist and intensely race based; claiming that Protestant white America had been blessed by God through genetics to lead the world. Wilson himself was a pawn and collaborator of big business interests; the Republican-Consortium  machine had put their weight behind him following their disastrous experience with William Howard Taft and Wilson had shown to be a trustworthy replacement. Wilson himself was a high ranking member of the KKK and had silently supported the marketing of heroin over morphine for Big Pharma while publically endorsing the limiting of alcohol, marijuana and natural medicines, blaming them for bringing about the influence of socialism and communism.

Woodrow Wilson

Woodrow Wilson

Wilson’s personality was able to successfully merge The Temperance Movement, Women’s Suffrage, the KKK, Anti-Saloon League and Know-Nothings into one far right extremist faction under Democratic leadership that he used as a political tool to carry out his ambitions. The Temperance and Women’s Suffrage Movement would distract from labor and provide political cover for Wilson, while the KKK and Anti-Saloon League would play the violent role of the strike breaker and riot ultra. Wilson played upon the racial fears of the South and incited Protestant ministers with propagations of anti-Semitism, interracial relations and plots from the Vatican to improve his standing.

The Second Klan saw threats from every direction. A religious tone was present in its activities; “two-thirds of the national Klan lecturers were Protestant ministers,” says historian Brian R. Farmer. Much of the Klan’s energy went to guarding “the home;” the historian Kathleen Bleeits said its members wanted to protect “the interests of white womanhood.”

“The pamphlet ABC of the Invisible Empire, published in Atlanta by Simmons in 1917, identified the Klan’s goals as “to shield the sanctity of the home and the chastity of womanhood; to maintain white supremacy; to teach and faithfully inculcate a high spiritual philosophy through an exalted ritualism; and by a practical devotedness to conserve, protect and maintain the distinctive institutions, rights, privileges, principles and ideals of a pure Americanism.

“The massive immigration of Catholics and Jews from eastern and southern Europe led to fears among Protestants about the new peoples, and especially about job and social competition. The Great Migration of African Americans to the North stoked job and housing competition and racism by whites in Midwestern and Western industrial cities. The second Klan achieved its greatest political power in Indiana; it was active throughout the South, Midwest, especially Michigan; and in the West, in Northern California, Colorado and Oregon. The migration of both African Americans and whites from rural areas to Southern and Midwestern cities increased social tensions.”

Wilson’s suppression of the labor movement was essential to the power of Big Business at this time. Big Business, especially Big Pharma, were undergoing a transition into the war economy in 1914 following the passage of the Federal Reserve Act the year prior to centralize finance. Large businesses began centralizing operations and staking their bets in war contracts behind the armies of the warring European nation states. Wilson passed several unlawful executive orders curbing laborers first amendment rights to speech and assembly to help suppress labor resistance for the American corporations while they engaged in grand scale war profiteering. During the war, labor strikes were met with brutal reprisals, including the Ludlow Massacre of 1914 at John D Rockefeller’s Colorado Fuel & Iron Company, in which 1200 striking coal miners and their families were brutally attacked by the Colorado National Guard resulting in the deaths of 25, including women and children who had been burned alive. Wilson derided the unions as socialists, enemy saboteurs and German sympathizers; with his extremist lobby groups promoting alcohol, opium and marijuana as the cause of labor unrest.

Ludlow Massacre

Ludlow Massacre

Marijuana use would have its first negative use association during World War I as it was often used by tradesmen and unionists in their downtime to heal from work stresses. Marijuana was blamed for the laborers affinity for communism and socialism, derided as being confused from their overuse of medicinal and herbal marijuana leading to their subversive nature. These newspaper articles and campaigns would become the precursor to William Randolph Heart’s Reefer Madness campaigns in the 30s. The KKK and the Temperance Movement saw an easy target in Marijuana, they could achieve their political ends by linking marijuana use to minorities and whites of low social standing. Republican and Democratic city administrations saw the opportunity to expand the power of their police forces by supporting these political agendas, by banning marijuana use police forces could freely enter minority neighborhoods and increase arrests. Cities could also impose greater neighborhood controls on the basis of drug use. This led to a spread of prohibitive ordinances in many cities throughout the country following the Harrison Tax Act of 1914.

William Randolph Hearst

William Randolph Hearst

Marijuana was especially targeted by the Californian conservative oligarchy because of the deep resentment held towards minorities by new Southern white immigrants who had been disaffected by their exploitation under Southern Reconstruction. Many Southerners and Mormons, following the Civil War moved to California to capture the tail end of the Gold Rush; following 1880 another large influx of Southerners and Northern Know-Nothings moved to California to participate in the oil and logging boom. They established conservative bastions throughout the state, most notably in San Diego, Anaheim, Long Beach, Simi Valley, Pasadena, Bakersfield, Fresno, Oceanside, Sacramento, Ventura and Oroville. Strong bureaucracies within these city governments were created to ensure the continuation of the personal and corporate interests of the new Southern gentry and bar ethnic minorities from equitable representation. Many of these administrations expanded in the 20’s and 30’s, drawing their ranks from the KKK, Nazi sympathizers, and Southern recruits with strong segregationist beliefs. These types of individuals were especially targeted for police recruitment, filling the ranks of the LAPD, SFPD and countless Sheriff’s Departments throughout the state.

KKK in Anaheim

KKK in Anaheim

America under Wilsonian Democracy brought about the triumph of elite wealth over the middle and lower classes in not just industry but in education and ethics as well. The rise of Communism and Marxism throughout Europe had created a boogeyman for the American industrialist to use against the American laborer.  This fear would be used to promote American involvement in World War I. William Jennings Bryan, a champion of the poor and faithful from the South had watched his influence within the Democratic Party wane under the power of Wilson’s Business Progressives’ and their alliance with the Southern KKK. Bryan had previously struggled against the Republicans under William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt to combat the Gold Standard and the economic subjugation that had resulted for the American farmer. Bryan now found himself now found himself battling against the Progressive’s in all aspects of politics while serving as Wilson’s Secretary of State. For one, the Progressive’s had asserted eugenics, social Darwinism and racial sciences as fact rather than theory; pushing the rejection of religion and monotheism from the classroom in favor of a racial science based curriculum. Bryan would later take this on in the infamous Scopes Monkey Trials in the mid-20s. More importantly, The Progressive Republicans and Democrats, united by William Randolph Hearst and Big Pharma and led by Theodore Roosevelt, began to put immense pressure on Wilson to enter World War I.

Big Pharma profited immensely from World War I by selling opium, morphine and heroin to the European nations through military contracts, especially to Russia who was ill equipped but possessed the largest army. By 1915, Russian losses were mounting and the American industrialists had become concerned that Russia would not be able to continue to purchase the massive quantities of narcotics needed to supply their troops. Big Pharma seeking to continue the war time profits and an extension of the war heavily funded the Republican and Democratic KKK to pressure Wilson into putting US troops in the war. Bryan, a political enemy of Big Pharma and a pacifist, had led the passage with the Temperance Movement of the Harrison Tax Act of 1914 in a bid to limit the power of Big Pharma in America and end the nation’s Heroin epidemic that occurred during the previous decade. Bryan, with good intentions, supported the Act to damage the opium trade, seeing it as the source of Republican power and the money power behind the Gold Standard and the Robber Barons; he actually encouraged the use of marijuana as a regulated medicine but saw ‘the regulations of poisons’ as a pretext to limit the power of the Opium trusts.

William Jennings Bryan

William Jennings Bryan

Bryan epitomized the prohibitionist viewpoint: Protestant and nativist, hostile to the corporation and the evils of urban civilization, devoted to personal regeneration and the social gospel, he sincerely believed that prohibition would contribute to the physical health and moral improvement of the individual, stimulate civic progress, and end the notorious abuses connected with the liquor and opiate traffic. Hence he became interested when its devotees in Nebraska viewed direct legislation as a means of obtaining anti-saloon laws.”

However, with the Harrison Tax Act, Big Pharma had successfully directed the Republicans to amend the tax act with the goal of leaving foreign sale and distribution of opium and heroin legal and abolish copyrights and patents of foreign formulas that had been held by Germany on the grounds of national defense. Trading embargoes by the German’s during World War I, along with supply shortages to Russia compelled Big Pharma to support US entry into the war to create a new market for its highly regulated opiates. Lobby pressure on Wilson’s Administration forced Bryan out of the White House in 1915, radicalizing Bryan to put his full power behind Prohibition and the new Anti-Evolution movement that had surfaced as an extreme response to the inculcation of eugenics in schools. Bryan saw these movements as an effort in social morality, not so much as to what they represented, but in that the Democrats could effectively combat the influence of the Northern Industrialists using the ethical platform.

President Theodore Roosevelt

President Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt, Bryan’s adversary, enjoyed a very strong post-presidential public and political reputation and was able to portray Bryan’s efforts, prior to WWI, to coordinate the US Army against Pancho Villa during the Mexican Civil War as ‘weak and humiliating’ to a hyper-nationalist public. The British blockade in 1916 on continental Europe would put pressure on the industrialist’s war profits and in turn, the pressure was put on Wilson’s re-election to ensure compliance with their demands for US involvement in the war. Wilson catered to the Republican’s demands, moving left politically to assuage labor voters, bringing in the coalition of Roosevelt Republicans to narrowly defeat Charles Evan Hughes and the Taft Republicans in the 1916 election. Wilson’s successful re-election allowed the floodgates on war profiteering to slam wide open. Famous Marine General Smedley Butler would later recount the utter corporate corruption that occurred during WWI in his now infamous book “War is a Racket”. Record gold imports by the US Treasury and US corporations for arms and supplies sales to Europe during World War I would occur at this time, enriching many American industrialists beyond their wildest dreams. The transfer of gold from Europe to America would be key to both America’s future economic power and key to the dominance of American big business in the century to come. Sales of opiate medication was the number one tradable item for gold during World War I and always remember “he who has the gold makes the rules”.


The Great War Changes The World

World War I

World War I

World War I is one of the most generationally traumatic events to ever occur in human history. It was the culmination of centuries long rivalries between the church, the monarchy and the moneyed elite for control of at the first the continent of Europe and then the world. World War II, nuclear weapons, The War on Drugs, financial crimes and panics of nations, and revolutions that followed would never have occurred without it. World War I was the first change in the order of the world since the fall of the Roman Empire and the rise of Charlemagne.

World War I was carefully crafted and planned by the monarchy and moneyed elite as a sick and perverse social and economic experiment; as we had discussed before, racial and cultural supremacy along with eugenics were cultural beliefs of the day. The elite viewed racial theory as a form of ultimate human competition with themselves being the best competitors of their own races and nations. The monarchs were at the head of the elite bloodlines and marriage into royal bloodlines became an obsession of the American and European industrialists from the 1880s to the 1920s. King Edward VII, King of England from 1901-1910 and son of Queen Victoria, had viewed the Third French Republic and the new German Empire as an existential threat to Anglo domination of the world. Edward was a politically powerful king with a vast network of friends in the international financial community who created the idea of the war as a potential goldmine for war profiteers and as a way to ‘keep Europe in balance’. France, Russia, Austria and Germany would square off on the continent of Europe while British and American pharmaceuticals, gun-makers, banks, oil and chemical manufacturers, steel makers and the shipping industry would all profit heavily from supplying the war effort. American and British gold supplies were heavily interlinked, thus America could be used as a source of war credit for England to maintain the war for several years.

King Edward VII

King Edward VII

Edward also saw the war as the way to maintain the international supremacy of the British Empire, something that had come to be challenged in recent years by German super-nationalism and German gold mining. The king wanted pound sterling financial supremacy to continue and this could only be done by heavily indebting the other European nations through war.   He manufactured the Entente Cordial with France to create a balance of military alliances with Russia and England against Germany and Austria-Hungary; he often criticized his own nephew, Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany, known for his temper, to openly to stoke diplomatic tensions. Edward also reformed the British military in preparation for war, creating the Expeditionary Force with the thought that the French would bear the brunt of the assault. German militarism under the Kaiser had also taken a hostile tone with the dismissal of Bismarck and the realignment of foreign policy for a war with England. The moneyed elite on both sides wanted the war, to expand their own wealth, redefine international trade, test the mettle of their military machines and to see which European tribes were indeed superior on the battlefield.

War broke out in 1914 following the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria in Serbia. Kaiser Wilhelm promised German support against Serbia, taking the bait offered by King Edward and triggering a war with Russia and the alliance system. The war break out in colonial hotspots around the globe but the primary focus of the war would be on the Western Front between France and Germany and the Eastern Front between Germany and Russia. Trench warfare, tanks, machine guns, air warfare and chemical warfare would make their debut reigning chaos across Europe. American troops were committed to the war in 1917.

World War I Map

World War I Map

Shades of the Iraq War persisted throughout the conflict with cost plus contracts, supply shortages, unsupplied payments and pay offs to participant commanders. Wilson and the Northern Industrialists transformed the US economy into a war economy of whose basis was total profit for the wealthy at the expense of poor. The Federal Reserve Act enforced the new Federal Income Tax to subsidize the war profiteers, using the tax monies to pay for the war contracts. Big Business were able to essentially wash their own money through the war knowing that any taxes paid would go to pay the contracts and war bonds they held. The First World War proved to be the most single profitable event for the American Upper Class beyond the Civil War itself, pushing them to a new height of power and influence unseen before in the world.

World War I’s legacy would impose its mark on every major military event since its occurrence, for it would trigger a chain of events that would lead to some of the most infamous events in world history. Engineering of war contracts by big financial names like JP Morgan, Rockefellar, Bernard Baruch and many other kings of Wall Street led to the beginning of Wall Street’s winner take all economy in the 20s as the Upper Class saw that they could plunder the populace at will. Wages had remained stagnant despite the imposition of production increases for the war, management refused to pass profits downward and labor unions were formed to oppose both the war and the harsh conditions that they were subject to by employers.


The war would claim 39 million lives, both soldier and civilian, and would rewrite the balance of power for the entire world. The monarchy of Russia had been completely overthrown by a communist revolution and was left in a brutal state of civil war; the monarchy of Germany itself had also been overthrown and had been replaced by an oligarchical republican government. France and England found themselves in a state of financial and military disarray, exhausted resources and war time debts to the United States had left them in a dependent position. Most of the European countries left the gold standard during World War I, however the US had remained on the standard to allow its industrialists to settle supply shipments in gold payment. The United States would emerge as the wealthiest nation in the world.


The Labor Crisis of 1919



1919 was a bell weather year for the United States as social pressures at home reached their boiling point and exploded. Despite the conclusion of the war, the United States remained in a state of wartime centralization and it had appeared that Wilson had no intention of demobilizing the power of the war profiteers. The Russian Revolution of 1918 also had empowered the spirits of labor movements worldwide as the Empire of the Russian Tsar collapsed under a workers revolution and a new Soviet state had been established much to the shock of the entire western world. Europe itself had devolved into a state of conflict between socialists and the emerging fascist groups born out of the disaffected military elite fighting to retain their royalist privileges. In the United States there was a feeling of disdain and skepticism following the war toward the economic rhetoric of the Upper Class, and the government itself which was seen as servants of wealth and pickpockets of the people.


The First Red Scare broke out in 1919 over a dispute between newly formed labor unions and the war time provisions business leaders had used to oppress and bust the unions. The action began right away in early January when the Seattle General Strike broke out with over 60,000 shipyard workers striking for higher wages. The strike paralyzed Seattle and there was a general fear among the wealthy class that America now risked a Proletarian Revolution as seen in the Soviet Union just a year before. The Mayor of Seattle had 3000 police and federal troops engage with the rioters deriding them as anarchists. The Yellow Press owned by several members of the 60 Families and upstarts like William Randolph Hearst accused the Strike as being an attempt at Communist revolution. The General Strike would end the following month following labor negotiations and the government would respond to the striking workers with the creation of the Overman Committee.

“The Overman Committee was a special 5-man subcommittee of the U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary chaired by North Carolina Democrat Lee Slater Overman. First charged with investigating German subversion during World War I, its mandate was extended on February 4, 1919, just a day after the announcement of the Seattle General Strike, to study “any efforts being made to propagate in this country the principles of any party exercising or claiming to exercise any authority in Russia” and “any effort to incite the overthrow of the Government of this country. The Committee’s hearings into Bolshevik propaganda, conducted from February 11 to March 10, 1919, developed an alarming image of Bolshevism as an imminent threat to the U.S. government and American values.”

Tensions were further inflamed following the landmark Supreme Court decision of Schenck vs. The United States, a case where one Charles T. Schenck, a member of the American Socialist Party, had been indicted under Wilson’s Espionage Act of 1917 for distributing subversive anti-war leaflets to military draftees during World War I stating that the Draft was illegal under the 13th Amendment. Schenck had appealed under his First Amendment rights but the Supreme Court upheld his conviction. To many this was seen as a travesty of justice and a declaration that the courts would be against organized labor for the time to come. The American Legion was formed following the verdict to put down unions by hiring unemployed veterans to form mercenary like security squads that would assist the police in quelling strikes and riots. Mitchell Palmer, an avowed anti-labor politician, was selected by Wilson to be his last Attorney General and squelch the labor menace.

Seattle shipyard

April grew even tenser, as prominent labor leader IWW head Eugene Debs was incarcerated for speaking out against the war and the Wilson Administration’s perpetuation of the war economy. The Boston Telephone Strike would soon follow as 9,000 telephone operators went on strike in New England. Strikebreaking groups were successfully beaten back by unions and the wage increases were implemented. Union reactionaries responded to the Debs imprisonment by mailing 36 mail bombs to several government officials, Attorney General Palmer and industrialists including John D Rockefeller. Unions like the AFL, CIO and IWW started looking for financial backing to step up their resources against the increased political pressure from the money industrialists. Strikebreakers were often aided by the police and the local city machines which were often ran by the Irish Mobs on behalf of the city’s landed gentry. Jewish and Italian gambling racketeers from ethnic immigrant gangs out of Cleveland and New York had rivalries with the Irish dating back to the late 1800s and would start providing financing and muscle to unions to help them conduct their strike activities against the municipal apparatus.

These racketeers would help finance the May Day Strike of 1919 which was a multi-city general labor protest in Boston, New York and Cleveland. Police tried to stop the marches but were overran by union organizers and mob thugs. Veterans and soldiers joined in the protest burning their military uniforms and government war propaganda. The largest protest was organized in Cleveland in support of the union candidate for Mayor; the Rockefellar Consortium organized a group of War Loan workers to form a gang and attack the protest, leading to a riot and street violence. Rockefellar and Oppenheimer-owned news magazines blamed the laborers, drug use and communism for inciting the War Loan workers to attack.


The following month in June eight large mail bombs with up to 25 pounds of dynamite each were sent to several US cities with political and business targets alike. Mailers were sent with the bombs accusing the recipients of inciting class warfare and domestic subjugation.  The newspapers worked hard to frame the entire labor movement as an anarchist movement and this was aided by Wilson’s doubling down on Women’s Rights to Vote and Prohibition to keep the family focus on social management rather than labor rights. However by Mid-Summer the Chicago Race Riots would break out in what became known as Red Summer.

Chicago Race Riots

Chicago Race Riots

Red Summer was a culmination between labor tensions ongoing throughout the year and the influx of African American labor from the South into the Northern industries that had started during the decade. African Americans were largely blamed by the racial policies of the Wilson government as being socialist instigators in their demands for equal rights in both society and the workplace: “Authorities viewed African Americans’ advocacy of racial equality, labor rights, or the rights of victims of mobs to defend themselves with alarm. In a private conversation in March 1919, President Wilson said that “the American Negro returning from abroad would be our greatest medium in conveying bolshevism to America.”

Riots broke out all over the country with race riots breaking out in South Carolina, Texas, Arizona, and Illinois. Struggles between blacks and whites broke out in the military over Wilson’s policies of re-segregation, undoing much of the progress that had been achieved since the Civil War. Chicago saw the greatest violence break out between the black community and the police over police killings and unsolved murders. Government accusations of communism led to white lynch mobs killing black citizens throughout the country. Militias on both sides were formed leading to several skirmishes through the South. Race riots would continue ceaselessly for all three summer months of 1919.


Deep divisions among the socialist political representatives emerged during their attempt to organize. Some factions wanted to work for Lenin’s Comintern, while others proposed an independent American communist organization and center-left unionist organizations. The Boston Police Strike would also break out during Red Summer, the AFL unionized the policemen who immediately went on strike for higher wages and benefits.

Police Commissioner Edwin Upton Curtis denied that police officers had any right to form a union, much less one affiliated with a larger organization like the AFL. During the strike, Boston experienced two nights of lawlessness until several thousand members of the State Guard supported by volunteers restored order, though not without causing several deaths. The public, fed by lurid press accounts and hyperbolic political observers, viewed the strike with a degree of alarm out of proportion to the events, which ultimately produced only about $35,000 of property damage. A report from Washington, D.C. included this headline: “Senators Think Effort to Sovietize the Government Is Started.” Senator Henry Cabot Lodge saw in the strike the dangers of the national labor movement: “If the American Federation of Labor succeeds in getting hold of the police in Boston it will go all over the country, and we shall be in measureable distance of Soviet government by labor unions. “The Ohio State Journal opposed any sympathetic treatment of the strikers: “When a policeman strikes, he should be debarred not only from resuming his office, but from citizenship as well. He has committed the unpardonable sin; he has forfeited all his rights. The strikers were called “deserters” and “agents of Lenin.” The Philadelphia Public Ledger viewed the Boston violence in the same light as many other of 1919’s events: “Bolshevism in the United States is no longer a specter. Boston in chaos reveals its sinister substance.” President Woodrow Wilson, speaking from Montana, branded the walkout “a crime against civilization” that left the city “at the mercy of an army of thugs.”

In September of 1919, the AFL voted with the steelworkers unions to have an industry-wide strike. Half of the US steel industry was immediately shutdown posing a threat to the power of steel barons like Andrew Carnegie. The Steel Barons paid the newspapers handsome sums to turn public opinion against the steelworkers and brought in 40,000 immigrant scabs to work the factories. Union power was widely blamed on the influences of alcohol and the vices of alcohol, marijuana, prostitution and opiates. The political discourse had become dominated by the radical KKK, Eugenics, Anti-Union and Temperance Movements who were all calling for large scale sterilization and prohibition programs. Rejection of law became popular as a cultural motif for the 1920s because government overall was seen as corrupt and subservient only to the upper classes. Narcotics abuse had also become an urban problem with the rise of popularity of heroin and the prevalence of post-war opium addiction. Heroin had out popularized Medical Marijuana as the narcotic of choice during that decade but had been regulated out of the market by the Harrison Tax Act, leaving a market opportunity for a Jewish gambler and fixer named Arnold Rothstein.

The Green Chazzan

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