The Devil’s Work: Marijuana in the 20’s and 30’s – Part 3

Part 1

https://thegreenpulpit.com/2014/07/27/the-devils-work-marijuana-in-20s-and-30s-part-1/

Part 2

https://thegreenpulpit.com/2014/07/27/the-devils-work-marijuana-in-the-20s-and-30s-part-2/

The New Dawn and A New Deal

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

The use of medical marijuana began to slowly return to popularity in the United States starting in 1930. Farmers and factory workers frequently suffered from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder linked to the Great Depression as well as previous experiences fighting in World War I and they used medical marijuana to keep themselves mentally intact during the harsh, trying times of the Great Depression. The mentality of the entire country experienced an intense sea change as economic ideas surrounding government based central planning were entertained as a replacement for free market capitalism, which had led the country to utter disaster. The American oligarchy became an object of ridicule and absolute contempt by the American public. This could not have been enunciated more by the remarkable landslide election of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, considered to be a far left candidate in his era. FDR promised to use the government to make war against the “economic royalists” and “disaster capitalists” who had brought the nation to its very knees. The wealthy absolutely despised Roosevelt from the very beginning, he surrounded himself with liberal thinkers and his way of doing business was intensely different from that of his Republican predecessors.

Eleanor Roosevelt

Eleanor Roosevelt

Roosevelt, having been born out of a family that had profited heavily from the Consortium’s control of the Republican Party for many decades, was deepfully resentful of his wealthy brethren. Aristocratic jealousies and rivalries towards his natural talents and charisma culminated in his rejection and blackballing from the Porcelian Club, an elite club at Harvard for the wealthy elite, led to deep resentment and hatred for his own, the landed gentry. Roosevelt, through his wife Eleanor, was immensely sympathetic toward the plight of the American people who had been absolutely crushed by almost 50 years of absolute domination and excess by the wealthy elite and the economic collapse that resulted thereafter. Roosevelt declared that his election was a “…more than a political campaign. It is a call to arms” and he was even subtly hinting at the effort the American people would face against the domination of the syndicates, something he would receive help with from a close friend and patriotic mobster, Joe Kennedy. Roosevelt’s victory coalition largely consisted of union members, polish, Italians, jews, and blacks. Roosevelt refused to work with Hoover or compromise with the Republicans regarding an economic solution, knowing full well that they had sold out the economy to America’s criminal and enemies. However, Roosevelt would not be so fortunate as to go untested by the American oligarchy who had become content with their gold heist, regardless of the economic consequences. They would marry into the Anglo-American oligarchy and be able to have their finances stored abroad while ruling a new sharecropper nation domestically. The oligarchy had no intention of having FDR stop them from utterly dominating their newly conquered nation.

Roosevelt took office in 1933, the same year Hitler became Chancellor of Germany. The economy was devastated, over 2 million people had been made homeless and deflation continued to rule global trade. In his inaugural address, Roosevelt stated:

Primarily this is because rulers of the exchange of mankind’s goods have failed through their own stubbornness and their own incompetence, have admitted their failure, and have abdicated. Practices of the unscrupulous money changers stand indicted in the court of public opinion, rejected by the hearts and minds of men. True they have tried, but their efforts have been cast in the pattern of an outworn tradition. Faced by failure of credit they have proposed only the lending of more money. Stripped of the lure of profit by which to induce our people to follow their false leadership, they have resorted to exhortations, pleading tearfully for restored confidence… The money changers have fled from their high seats in the temple of our civilization. We may now restore that temple to the ancient truths. The measure of the restoration lies in the extent to which we apply social values more noble than mere monetary profit.”

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Roosevelt’s First 100 days was known for the enaction of the New Deal, the largest scale domestic reform ever known in US history. The New Deal would be based on an anti-monopoly anti-oligopoly tradition; bigness was seen as a form of wasteful central planning. Safety nets would be enacted; the minimum wage, child labor laws, workers compensation, unemployment compensation, unemployment relief, Social Security, public employment and health insurance would be created in America for the first time. Ideas from Wilson’s mobilization were tooled around increasing job production and harnessing middle and lower class purchasing power. The government would regulate the unfettered competition, the government would stand to protect the people from the abuses of the landed class, the government would stop the monopolies and create jobs, the government would cure the infection of organized crime that had seized its claws into the very fabric of society and the government would tax the rich to pay for all of it. New Deal opponents would be derided publically as the Old Right, servants of the landed class that had brought about the financial apocalypse around them.

Averall Harriman

Averall Harriman

The Depression hit every aspect of life, farms were destroyed, factories closed, job evaporated and both food and money were scarce. The US had been reduced economically to that of a Third World nation within in its own time. The impact on US heavy industry spread throughout the world. European nations collapsed and both fascist and socialist dictatorships took power throughout Europe. Stalin, Hitler, Churchill, and Mussolini all came into their prime during the 1930s. Canada, reliant on illegal alcohol exports to the US, saw their economic output cut in half as impoverished Americans could no longer afford simple liquor sales. American tariffs crushed Caribbean and South American trade. China and Japan went to war over territory, with Japan trying to stave off depression through a war economy. The Consortium came under the power of Colonel Henry Stimson, John Foster Dulles, George Herbert Walker, and Averall Harriman during FDR’s reign, the group had become wealthy making loans through Walker and Harriman’s banking interests to Nazi Germany. The German government was  very uninhibited when it came to human rights limitations on chemicals and pharmaceuticals. Harriman and Prescott Bush would become the bankers that funded Nazi Germany’s economic programs during the 1930s. Stimson was commissioned to bring down FDR at any cost and he decided to do so by utilizing his Anglican connections to agitate a war in Europe.

Col. Henry Stimson

Col. Henry Stimson

Stimson knew he could not touch FDR politically, he was simply too popular and the newly redirected Federal Bureau of Investigations had become a formidable opponent as well. Roosevelt’s Vice President, Henry A. Wallace, was one of the New Deal architects and even more liberal than Roosevelt was. The Economy Act balanced the federal budget by reorganizing the government but allowed for future deficit spending for emergency economic action. Congress distributed the Bonus Bill to the World War I veterans, something previously denied by the Republican government. The New Dealers promoted Keynesianism with balanced budgets as a pragmatic approach to creating start-up economic expansion. FDR passed the Emergency Banking Act which reopened shuttered banks with new cash injections from the Federal Reserve; Treasury officials were given greater law enforcement power as many banks had been previously owned by the Syndicate and were not eligible for Treasury funds. The Glass-Steagall Act limited interaction between the Commercial and Investment Banks to protect the consumer from the frauds that had been perpetrated by the banking community during the 1920s. The banking reform created unprecedented economic stability. The Securities Act of 1933 was enacted to create the SEC to monitor the banks owned by the wealthy and protect the stock market from speculative attacks by traders loyal to either the City of London or their own greed.

WPA Project

WPA Project

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Public relief agencies were created to immediately aid the working poor and create jobs. The National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) created the National Recovery Administration which had a blanket mandate to raise consumer purchasing power through job creation and industrial regeneration. The NRA worked closely to empower unions and give the workers greater ownership of the workspace in which they operated. Wages had to be fair and working conditions had to be safe and fair. Price stabilization was enacted to control deflation and the NRA aided in this by creating jobs in industries like coal production. The NRA became a major target for the American upper class and the Republican Party as it regulated industry in a way that to them was unheard of and far more equitable to the middle and working classes. The Public Works Administration created millions of jobs building bridges, airports, roads, dams, post offices, courthouses and highways. The Resettlement Administration (RA), the Rural Electrification Administration (REA), rural welfare projects sponsored by the WPA, National Youth Administration (NYA), Forest Service and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) were created to develop forests, the national parks, create utility infrastructure for towns, build schools and reforest lands to improve the environment which had been devastated by the Dust Bowl, a product of corporate farm mechanization and centralization. The Tennessee Valley Authority was created as one of the largest dam projects the world had ever known. The FHA was created to regulate housing and trade was liberalized to end the trade gridlock created by the Republican tariffs. The Gold Standard was suspended to allow the Treasury to inject emergency liquidity to stave off the disastrous deflation; the Wall Street brokers smirked at this knowing that much of America’s gold had been sent to London in 1931.

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Most importantly, Roosevelt repealed Prohibition and not just Alcohol Prohibition; he also repealed the 1922 Narcotics Drug Import and Export Act and curbed the Harrison Tax Act to make medical marijuana and more importantly, hemp, economically available. The Bureau of Narcotics oversight over medical marijuana and hemp was severely limited by the New Deal, and the advent of the AAA at first. The Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA) was originally created to regulate food prices, giving farmers a chance at last to fight Wall Street speculators and obtain fair food prices. Hemp was the most widely cultivated, most widely distributed and most profitable crop the farmers were allowed to produce from 1933 to 1945.

 

AAA

To quote Jack Herer:

Modern technology was about to be applied to hemp production, making it the number one agricultural resource in America. Two of the most respected and influential journals in the nation, Popular Mechanics and Mechanical Engineering, forecast a bright future for American hemp. Thousands of new products creating millions of new jobs would herald the end of the Great Depression….As early as 1901 and continuing to 1937, the USDA repeatedly predicted that, once machinery capable of harvesting, stripping and separating the fiber from the pulp was invested or engineered, hemp would once again be America’s number one farm crop….The prediction was reaffirmed in the popular press when Popular Merchanics published its February 1938 article “Billion Dollar Crop…a trillion dollar industry by today’s standards.

New Deal Hemp Farm

New Deal Hemp Farm

From the article Jack is referencing:

American farmers are promised a new cash crop with an annual value of several million dollars, all because a machine has been invented which solves a problem more than 6,000 years old. It is hemp, a crop that will not compete with other American products. Instead it will displace imports of raw materials and manufactured products produced by under paid [immigrant] and peasant labor and it will provide thousands of jobs for American workers throughout the land…..Hemp is the standard fiber of the world. It has great tensile strength and durability. It is used to produce more than 5,000 textile products, ranging from rope to fine laces, and the woody hurds remaining after the fiber has been removed containmore than 77% cellulose, and can be used to produce more than 25,000 products, ranging from dynamite to Cellophane.

From the farmers point of view, hemp is an easy crop to grow and will yield from three to six tons per acre on any land that will grow corn, wheat, or oats….Thousands of tons of hemp hurds are used every year by one large powder company for the manufacture of dynamite and TNT. A large paper company, which has been paying millions of dollars a year in duties on foreign made cigarette papers now is manufacturing these papers from American hemp grown in Minnesota….Our imports of foreign fabrics and fibers average about $200 million a year; in raw fibers alone we imported over $50 million a year in the first six months of 1937. All of this income can be made available to Americans.

New Deal Hemp Company

New Deal Hemp Company

 

1930's Hemp Field

1930’s Hemp Field

Excerpt from New Deal Era literature:

“Aside from the suspension of the Gold Standard (the first and foremost important price lifting measure) and the closing and re-opening of the banks, the most spectacular early measures of the New Deal were the Agricultural Adjustment Act and the National Industrial Recovery Act. Both were nullified by the Supreme Court which, by these very decision, contributed greatly to the outcry for judicial reform. The AAA gave subsidies to farmers for taking land out of cultivation, and did much to raise farm purchasing power in consonance with the basic aim of the New Deal….Within one year the AAA increased farm income by 38% and farm purchasing power by an estimated 25% through the inauguration of the very production control method that was originally used by the industrialists. The cost of the fam subsidy was paid for by a small imposed sales tax. The NIRA, approved June 16 1933..’intended’ to (1) legalize those voluntary trade associations which President Hoover had discouraged by removing the restraints of anti-trust laws; (2) to make them effective by bringing the recalcitrants into line through compulsion; but (3) to bestow these privileges upon trade and industry in return for their acknowledgement of social responsibility in the form of concessions to labor and the consumer….the cold blooded, ruthless fashion in which the industrialists consciously moved to vitiate these provisions of the section that was beneficial to labor perhaps did more to educate the country about the socially irresponsible character of the big proprietors than had all the preachments of the radicals for years. Moreover the pathetic eagerness with which a vast multitude grasped at just $12 a week, and the outcry from the Southern Industrialists against such ‘high wages’ drove into public consciousness the fact that labor in the United States, except its aristocracy in the AFL craft unions, had long been fiercely exploited at coolie pay. Details of the farm situation highlighted in the debate around the AAA, also had a similar educative effect, so that if the New Deal did nothing else it succeeded, in these and other of its efforts, in implanting a deep suspicion in the public mind about the motives and methods of the big feudalistic proprietors, who habitually masquerade as simple businessman.

The gigantic program of unemployment relief embarked upon by the New deal was of direct aid to retail trade and to the farmers in that the money paid out to the unemployed went immediately to the purchase of necessities. Several government agencies were created to handle the projects, but the WPA, launched on May 6 1935, finally consolidated all the divisions of relief. Works Progress funds were allocated to naval building, to municipal improvements, and construction where local governments shared part of the cost, to reforestation, and many other ends; the principal aim however was to get money into circulation. In connection with the building and construction phases of this program there was of course, a demand for cement, stone, machinery, steel, and lumber, which was of benefit to heavy industry; but the benefit was neither so great nor as immediate as that conferred upon industries more closely aligned with the retail market.

Meanwhile, various measures designed to hamper banks in their domination of heavy industry were passed under presidential authority. The first of these was the Banking Act of 1933, which divorced commercial and investment banking, provided for insurance deposits, and vested in the Federal Reserve Board the right to control loans entering speculative channels. The separation of the deposit and underwriting functions of the banks was a blow directed consciously at JP Morgan , and measurably weakened the power of that and other private banking houses. Not at all strangely, this action was sought and approved by Winthrop Aldrich, chair of the Rockefeller’s Chase Bank. Weakened under Hoover, the Rockefellers were strengthened for a time by the New Deal- by the sharp rise in oil prices, and the improvement of the real estate market, and although John D Rockefeller Jr. outwardly maintained his Republicanism, the Standard Oil clans helped the New Deal at many points and manifested cordiality to its acts. The New Deal reciprocated by doing nothing in its early stages at least, to disturb or injure the Standard Oil Empire. After passage of the Banking Act, JP Morgan immediately set up Morgan Stanley for handling securities issues, but as this branch was effectively segregated from the central house the firm could no longer function as freely as of old. Extension of the powers of the Federal Reserve Board by giving it control over the open market committee and over the reserve requirements of membership banks also weakened JP Morgan power in finance…symbolic of the new regime Marriner S. Eccles, small banker and mining entrepreneur from Utah, was made governor of the Reserve Board. Control of the money market was transferred to Washington, was thereafter to be by whoever controlled the government.”

-Ferdinand Lundberg, America’s 60 Families (1937)

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Despite FDR’s ability to unite the middle and working class into an industrial powerhouse he still faced grave issues with the American oligarchy and the Republican establishment. The oligarchy may have lost complete control of the Presidency but they still retained power over the Supreme Court and large portions of the press. FDR often had to defend his New Deal initiatives in the US Federal Court system against the Republican activist judges seeking to rule his recovery programs unconstitutional on behalf of the oligarchical interest. He responded to this by unveiling the second half of the New Deal which passed the Social Security Act, creating welfare and a social safety net; the Wagner Act, giving unions the right to form and collectively bargain; the WPA was expanded even further to create major projects like the Lincoln Tunnel, LaGuardia Airport, the Bay Bridge, and many other large urban restoration projects that laid the seeds for later Great Society projects. The Revenue Act of 1935 hit the wealthy the hardest, it was literally designed to redistribute wealth from the top to the bottom. The bill imposed an income tax of 79% on incomes over $5 million, making the tax code equitable for the first time since its implementation. The rich called Roosevelt a ‘traitor to his class’ in utter hatred of his dismantling of their empire of greed. He also enacted the Housing Act of 1937 to abolish slums and create a housing authority.

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Lend-Lease Hemp Promotion

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New Deal Hempfield

FDR also opened a new front against the Anglo-American elite by empowering the FBI to initiate surveillance against them. Fiorello LaGuardia, the notorious anti-Mafia Mayor of New York, came to power in 1932 as well on a large anti-crime ticket; he worked closely with J. Edgar Hoover to bring down ‘The Big Heat’ on the American Syndicate. He had Lucky Luciano arrested, purged the New York police force of corruption, led search-and-destroy lynch mobs against Syndicate casinos and black market rackets. The Syndicate responded by unleashing their assassins on a country wide bank robbing spree to destabilize the economy. Hoover worked with notorious gangster hunter Melvin Purvis to bring down Syndicate bank robbers like John Dillinger, Ma Barker, Babyface Nelson, Creepy Karpis, and Machine Gun Kelly. The FBI also played a pivotal role in rounding up the criminal members of the KKK, especially those who had penetrated Southern California city administrations in the 1920s and set up racial rackets. LaGuardia was also joined by Thomas Dewey, a Republican prosecutor; a former Wall Street trader, that sought to end New York corruption after losing much of his fortune in the crash. Dewey targeted Lucky Luciano’s Upstart “Commission” which had taken over the power vacuum left by the fall of Mr. Arnold and Al Capone.

Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia

Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia

One of his biggest prizes was gangster Dutch Schultz, whom he had battled as both a federal and state prosecutor. Schultz’s first trial ended in a deadlock; prior to his second trial, Schultz had the venue moved to Malone, New York, then moved there and garnered the sympathy of the townspeople through charitable acts so that when it came time for his trial, the jury found him innocent, liking him too much to convict him.

Dewey and La Guardia threatened Schultz with instant arrest and further charges. Schultz now proposed to murder Dewey. Dewey would be killed while he made his daily morning call to his office from a pay phone near his home. However, New York crime boss Lucky Luciano and the “Mafia Commission” decided that Dewey’s murder would provoke an all-out crackdown. Instead they had Schultz killed.”

  • MacMillian, The Five Families (2008)

The Mafia suffered further setbacks as fascism took over continental Europe and Benito Mussolini began a purge of Sicilian mob leaders to consolidate power within Italy. This disrupted the French Connection which relied heavily on Turkish opium in the 1930s and for Sicilian intermediaries which had been disconnected by Fascist Italy. Narcotics income practically went to zero after the New Deal’s AAA reform decriminalized medical marijuana and hemp. When Mussolini took power in the mid-twenties he went on a tour of the country to present his new leadership program of fascism to the entire country; when in Palermo, he was received by Don Francisco Ciccio, the mayor of Palermo who insulted Mussolini when he was told he would not need a police escort. Mussolini responded that fascists did not need a peasant escort insulting Ciccio. The Don ordered the townspeople not to attend Mussolini’s speech and released patients from the local mental ward to attend instead. The deeply angered Mussolini appointed Cesare Mori to form a secret police in Sicily that would end the Mafia dominance once and for all. Mori would be one of the most swift, effective and brutal opponents the Mafia had ever encountered.

Cesare Mori

Cesare Mori

Mori took up his post in Palermo in November 1925 and remained in office until 1929. Within the first two months he arrested over five hundred men, a number that would only grow in the following years. In January 1926, he undertook what was probably his most famous action, the occupation of the village of Gangi, a stronghold of various criminal gangs. Using carabinieri and police forces he ordered house-to-house searches, picking up bandits, small-time Mafia members and various suspects who were on the run. He did not hesitate to lay siege to towns, use torture, or take women and children as hostages to oblige suspects to give themselves up. These harsh methods earned him the nickname of “Iron Prefect”.

Mori understood the basis of Mafia power. In order to defeat the phenomenon, he felt it necessary to “forge a direct bond between the population and the state, to annul the system of intermediation under which citizens could not approach the authorities except through middlemen…, receiving as a favour that which is due them as their right.” Mori’s methods were sometimes similar to those of the Mafia. He did not just arrest the bandits, but sought to humiliate them as well. If he could exhibit a strong central authority to rival the mafia, the people would see that the Mafia was not their only option for protection.

Mori’s inquiries brought evidence of collusion between the Mafia and influential members of the State apparatus and the Fascist party. His position, however, became more precarious. Some 11,000 arrests are attributed to Mori’s rule in Palermo. That led to massive amounts of paperwork in order to prepare for the trials, which may have been partially responsible for his dismissal. Mussolini had already nominated Mori as a senator in 1928, and in June 1929 he was relieved of his duty. The Fascist propaganda proudly announced that the Mafia had been defeated.”

  • Newark, Mafia Allies (2007)

Roosevelt’s Challenge

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Seeking to preemptively stop the Supreme Court from dismantling the second New Deal, FDR attempted his court packing plan with the Judicial Procedures Reform Bill of 1937. The bill allowed the President to power to appoint an additional Justice to the U.S. Supreme Court, up to a maximum of six. FDR had also punished many of the Lochner Era judges by pushing them out of the court through pension cut threats. The court attempted to stop one of FDR’s critical measures: Executive Order 6102. This order seized the gold held by the wealthy, in the form of coins, bullion and certificates and exchanged them for dollars at fixed rate. This was to prevent the wealthy from manipulating the money supply with their gold and London accounts as they had previous done throughout the last 50 years. The court ruled that the government could not seize the gold, even though it was being done to protect the currency from speculative attack by the European powers. Chief Justice Charles Evan Hughes had a personal vendetta against FDR and also had close relations with the British Royal Family, the Dutch Royal Family and the Du Pont family who were ardently opposed to FDR’s allowance of hemp production. Hughes led the challenge against FDR’s attempt to break the railroad monopoly, the New Deal farm subsidies, stock market regulations, the NRA and NIRA, the AAA and the New Deal coal program. The Supreme Court ruled on many of these on “Black Monday” on May 27, 1935. Roosevelt’s court packing bill was unfortunately defeated, but his attempt to unseat the oligarchies power in the court led to more desperate and violent ends to stop his reforms.

Chief Justice Charles Evan Hughes

Chief Justice Charles Evan Hughes

FDR won a stunning landslide reelection in 1936 much to the chagrin of the American landed elite. He had a strong anti-imperialist foreign policy which derided the exploitation and immiseration caused by the British and French Empires and their colonialism of other continents. FDR also wished to renounce the right to unilateral intervention in South America and give more diplomatic power to international bodies. He became more critical of Adolf Hitler, especially as FDR’s enemies began to rally around Hitler with Henry Ford. Col. Stimson, head of the Anglo-American Consortium  began conspiring with Churchill on ways to compel FDR to comply with British wishes and also on ways to assassinate FDR as well. He had already been the target of several coup attempts, one most infamously participated in by Prescott Bush and Averall Harriman called the Business Plot. The coup was averted by the testimony of Smedley Butler who became opposed to the American oligarchy after the Bonus Army massacre. The Consortium  would be indicted again by FDR for supplying illegal monies and arms shipments to Hitler during World War II in 1942 under the Union Banking Corporation, those named in the indictment included many Consortium  leaders: Averell Harriman, E Roland Harriman, Prescott Bush, Samuel Pryor, Fritz Thyssen, and Robert Lovett.

Prescott Bush

Prescott Bush

One of the top targets of the oligarchies response to FDR’s court packing attempt was the new hemp crop propping up the Middle Class. Not only was it an industrial threat to the Anglo-American oil, pharmaceutical and vice companies but it was the main engine driver of FDR’s New Deal programs and the oligarchy believed that if the crop could once again be controlled it’s decline would also defeat the New Deal.

In the mid-1930.when the new mechanical hemp fiber stripping machines and machines to conserve hemp’s high cellulose pulp finally became state-of-the-art, available and affordable, the enormous timber acreage and businesses of the Hearst Paper Manufacturing Division, Kimberly Clark USA, and virtually all other timber, paper and large newspaper holding companies stood to lose billions of dollars and perhaps go bankrupt.

Coincidently in 1937, DuPont had just patented processes for making plastics from oil and coal as well as a new sulfite process for making paper from wood pulp…accounting for over 80% of all the companies railroad carloadings over the next sixty years into the 1990s. If hemp had never been made illegal, 80% of DuPont’s business never would have materialized…jeopoardizing the lucrative financial schemes of Hearst, DuPont and DuPont’s Chief Financial backer, Andrew Mellon of the Mellon Bank of Pittsburgh”

-Jack Herer

Andrew Mellon

Andrew Mellon

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Andrew Mellon, evil billionaire and executive harbinger of the Great Depression immediately set to work employing his ex-cronies within the Bureau of Narcotics, chiefly Henry J. Anslinger to reinstitute marijuana and hemp prohibition through a press based social engineering campaign using Hearst’s media resources. Anslinger was actually married to Mellon’s niece and he shared in Mellon’s lucrative financial ties. The idea for the Marijuana Tax Act of 1937 was developed originally to create a tax to profit off the sale of medical marijuana and hemp synthesis as a medical application, it was originally designed from firearms taxes but both Mellon, DuPont, Anslinger and Hearst intended to meddle with the act to generate a different result.

In the secret Treasury Department meetings conducted between 1935 and 1937, prohibitive tax laws were drafted and strategies were plotted. Marijuana could not be banned outright; the law called for an ‘occupational’ excise tax upon dealers and a transfer tax upon dealings in marijuana. Importers, manufacturers, sellers and distributors were required to register with the Secretary of the Treasury and pay the occupational tax.”

-Jack Herer

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Anslinger led a very public, racially charged campaign backed by the American oligarchy against medical marijuana. He was opposed by the AMA and Fiorello LaGuardia, but Anslinger abused his Bureau of Narcotics position to strip pro-marijuana doctors of their licenses, corralling the AMA into submission despite medical evidence to the contrary. Anslinger debated publically with LaGuardia while leading a highly publicized drug seizure campaign with the Bureau of Narcotics against medical marijuana. Medical marijuana dealers were derided as being ethnic and of the criminal underworld. Racist and classist media was used to turn American views against marijuana as a corrupting illicit drug. Reefer Madness was born. The blow to the AAA by the Supreme Court firmly put medical marijuana back in Anslinger’s jurisdiction and abusing the regulations of the Marijuana Tax Act, he barred all marijuana dealers from being federally licensed by the Treasury Department effectively putting a halt to hemp production at the national level. Marijuana production for hemp would only be allowed going forward by the Bureau of Narcotics for oligarchical dealers that wished to grow hemp on their lands in US territories for the military.

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FDR also faced another challenge from the Department of the Navy in which Henry Stimson had become very influential and was bringing the relationship between US and British naval intelligence closer for his own purposes. This led to penetration of Naval Intelligence by British Intelligence who openly recruited members of the American syndicate to serve as intelligence operatives in Europe. Stimson sought to counter FDR next by realigning the military apparatus and officer’s corps behind him which was more effective than trying to bribe FDR military loyalists like Smedley Butler, Douglas MacArthur and Dwight Eisenhower. Stimson also directed the oligarchies efforts to unseat Vice President Henry Wallace during the Democratic National Committee and replace him with Harry Truman, a Stimson loyalist and someone who could eventually turn Eisenhower to their influence. He was much colder and calculating than the brash Harriman, Bush and Walker business coup attempts, which had failed numerously throughout FDR’s tenure; the public battles with the court also brought more criticism against oligarchical power and gave FDR more strength to expand the New Deal. FDR had also started the Lend-Lease program with the beginning of the Spanish Civil War, an economic program for the British and French that demanded payment in gold. If Hitler went to war, FDR could repatriate gold through lend lease, Stimson knew that more extreme measures would be necessary.

Henry Wallace

Henry Wallace

Stimson and John Foster Dulles began to direct members of the Consortium to begin increasing financial and military backing to Adolf Hitler and the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany. This occurred most notably during the Spanish Civil War from 1936 to 1939 which served as preliminary war game for the greater conflict to come. Hitler would conquer Europe, Hitler would destroy their rivals, Hitler would conquer the world and anoint the wealthy the master race of all Earth. Competition among the American oligarchy and the British peerage broke out over who was pro-New Deal and who was pro-Hitler. Neither accepted Stalinist Communism, but both stood behind the economic miracles of the American New Deal and Nazism. Both ideas were similar in method but differed immensely in execution; both ideas revolved around central planning but while FDR sought to support and restore market conditions, Hitler sought to fundamentally alter the world order. Neither of them wanted the dominance of a British reserve currency any longer; the British had destroyed the world economy and a new reserve currency had to emerge. Hitler’s aggression towards the Jews and other European states beginning in 1938 was the end result of decades of evil and excess by an unforgiving and unapologetic sect of the power elite. The Consortium could not seize the reins of power in America back from FDR and the New Deal Democrats, so they preferred to destroy it by backing Hitler’s plans for world domination. Stimson would also provoke the Japanese by utilizing his connection to strain trade relations between the Japanese Empire and the US. FDR routinely plotted against Stimson and Churchill with Vice President Wallace and Joe Kennedy; he had become keenly aware of what the American oligarchy and the British oligarchy were trying to perpetuate but he faced a big problem, the American gold still remained within City of London vaults and that the power of the Consortium would continue until America could repatriate the stolen precious metals. FDR knew Stimson and the Consortium wanted to drag America into the war to force a war economy that they could control, especially through opium and pharmaceutical sales for the war injured; he opposed the war on that principle, having now spent his Presidential career in battle with these oligarchical forces. However, he knew that he would eventually have to convince the American people to make war, otherwise financial recovery would be impossible because the Nazi’s would seize American gold reserves in London that were needed to pay down the Depression debts.

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler

This ultimate prospect was what forged the fateful, albeit temporary alliance, between FDR and Stimson that lasted from 1940 to 1945; unifying the American public with the American elite to stop the ultimate evil that was Adolf Hitler from ruling the world. By 1940, the British had been defeated by the Nazis at the Battle of Dunkirk and the Battle of Britain raged against the English isles; the Royal Family now paid for its sins in the face of total annihilation against the Frankenstein monster of their own creation, the Nazi War Machine. The City of London was under constant bombing by the German Luftwaffe and fears that the international and royal gold reserves of London would be seized by a foreign power became a reality for the first time. The Nazi’s had already confiscated Jewish and foreign gold from seized territories throughout Europe and were using the proceeds to generate currency to continue the massive wear effort; seizing the City of London would be the economic coup d’grace and the ultimate triumph for Hitler. Both FDR and Stimson feared that the United States would never recover from such a blow nor remain under the control of either side, but rather through financial obligation to Nazi Germany. However, despite cooperation, the Consortium continued to work against FDR and the New Deal by financially aiding the Nazis and funding strikebreakers like the KKK, American Legion and the German Bund; namely the Bush and Walker families who envisioned a Nazi victory in Europe.

Nuremburg

Nuremburg

Stimson, in an uneasy affair, would become Roosevelt’s Secretary of War in 1941. Stimson appointed top members of the Consortium, Robert Patterson, Robert Lovett, the Dulles Brothers and Stimson’s right hand, John McCloy, to executive positions within FDR’s cabinet. Stimson also elevated the career of Republican loyalist General George Patton in an attempt to coerce Gen Dwight Eisenhower under his influence to maintain rank over Patton. The Consortium reached out to Lucky Luciano to provide top recruits from the Mob that could serve as officers within the Army and Navy of whom Stimson and his loyalist officers could use to form the OSS under the purview of Consortium officer William Donavon. Stimson’s new group of Consortium upstarts would later be instrumental in the assassination of John F Kennedy. Stimson, along with Oppenheimer, is considered one of the fathers of the atomic bomb; he took direct personal control of the project and his advice was followed at every aspect by both Roosevelt and Truman. Stimson overruled military officers when they opposed his views and often destroyed their careers. This would be proven later when under his influence Gen Douglas MacArthur was pushed from the military high command by Stimson’s lackey Harry Truman.

Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Hiroshima and Nagasaki

 

“He was the only top government official who tried to predict the meaning of the atomic age—he envisioned a new era in human affairs. For a half century he had worked to inject order, science, and moralism into matters of law, of state, and of diplomacy. His views had seemed outdated in the age of total warfare, but now he held what he called “the royal straight flush.” The impact of the atom, he foresaw, would go far beyond military concerns to encompass diplomacy and world affairs, as well as business, economics and science. Above all, said Stimson, this “most terrible weapon ever known in human history” opened up “the opportunity to bring the world into a pattern in which the peace of the world and our civilization can be saved.” That is, the very destructiveness of the new weaponry would shatter the ages-old belief that wars could be advantageous. It might now be possible to call a halt to the use of destruction as a ready solution to human conflicts. Indeed, society’s new control over the most elemental forces of nature finally “caps the climax of the race between man’s growing technical power for destructiveness and his psychological power of self-control and group control–his moral power.”

  • Stimson’s Memoir
John McCloy

John McCloy

Stimson’s White House coup came in early 1945, when Henry Wallace was unseated as Vice President at the Democratic National Convention in January; he had feuded publically with many of the oligarch’s over labor rights and had been trashed repeatedly for it in the newspapers. The political effects of the media’s assault finally took their toll and he was replaced by Harry Truman, a pawn of Averall Harriman. This event was shortly followed by FDR’s assassination on April 12 of 1945; he had already suffered declining health after several poisoning attempts between 1941 and 1944. He was poisoned while vacationing at his personal retreat in Georgia, his death was attributed to stress from years of political struggle, overwork, sleeplessness and general declining health from traveling to peace negotiation with Britain and Russia. FDR’s son alleged that Stalin informed him that Churchill had ultimately been responsible for the poisoning of FDR, possibly beginning at the conference at Yalta. Stimson retired at the end of the war, but before doing so he appointed members of the Consortium to Truman’s cabinet, they would be infamously known as “The Wise Men”: McGeorge Bundy, George Kennan, the Dulles Brothers, Robert Lovett, John McCloy, Dean Acheson, Charles Bohlen and Averall Harriman.

General Douglas MacArthur

General Douglas MacArthur

The Wise Men of the Consortium would be instrumental in putting a halt to the reforms implemented by Franklin Delano Roosevelt and the New Deal. The Wise Men empowered Anslinger to further ends and put a young Congressman named Joseph McCarthy under his wing to serve as a protégé. The Wise Men would retool the CIA to go after the OAS’ opium fields in Indochina and from there they would restart the international opium trade with the help of their mafia connections established through Lucky Luciano, who would be freed from jail along with his mafia associates in Italy under the guise of anti-communism. The same lines from the 1920’s Red Scares would be drummed up again, marijuana use would be blamed on unionists, socialists and communists. The Wise Men would work with the Syndicate Upstarts in Hollywood to bring Ronald Reagan to power within the Hollywood union; Reagan persecuted many of the left wing stars under the guise of anti-communism to remove their influence from opposing Syndicate/Wise Men influence in Hollywood. The major opposition to the Wise Men came in the form of FDR’s close friends General Douglas MacArthur and Joe Kennedy, father of JFK, RFK and Ted Kennedy. Joe Kennedy was FDR’s business and Syndicate confidant, the head of the old Irish Mob, a bootlegger, a marijuana smoker, and a man with contempt for the likes of Capone, Luciano and especially Stimson. He was known with actively feuding with many of FDR’s enemies, including the Canadian Bronfman/Seagram’s families which Kennedy competed with using distilleries managed by FDR’s son, James Roosevelt. Samuel Bronfman was also a member of the Consortium and a founder of modern Canadian conservative power brokers.

Joe Kennedy

Joe Kennedy

General Douglas C. MacArthur, super-patriot and epic war hero, successfully retained much of the power of the American military command from the Wise Men until midway through the Korean War when Averall Harriman and Dean Acheson were successfully able to put enough pressure on Truman to force a removal over MacArthur’s perceived insubordination to the Wise Men’s intentional mismanagement of the conflict. Korea, to the Consortium, was a distraction to be created while ex-syndicate members now represented in the Italian Mob, CIA, MI6 and OAS set up opium facilities in Turkey, Sicily, France, Spain, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and Burma to create an international opium distribution network that was more vast than any other known in world history, yet secret and hidden from the public through control of media outlets and trafficking flows. Joe Kennedy was wiser than his counterpart and used his wealth to financially align himself with Joseph McCarthy as a form of protection primarily for John F Kennedy, whom he was already grooming for President to restore the New Deal. He also groomed his other son Robert Kennedy to become Attorney General and use his families’ connections to effectively combat the Italian Mafia that had been borne from Luciano’s Commission. Kennedy knew he would have to fight the Republican Wise Men in the top world, the Mafia Commission in the underworld and the Consortium in the back world to protect the gains achieved socially and economically by the New Deal. Joe Kennedy would die shortly after JFK would become President. He would not witness the assassinations of his sons at the hand of the Consortium, nor would he see the dismantling of his friend and mentor, Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s, achievements for the American people be dismantled following the election of Richard Nixon and the era of Consortium rule that was to follow.

JFK

JFK

Barack Obama

Barack Obama

This story is a tale of truth from the 20th century, buried deep beneath 100 years of propaganda, misdirection, lies and subjugation. The Drug War is illegitimate, it is a form of slavery that was originally designed for depopulation, but is now designed for a jailhouse population and to keep humanity sick and poor so that the Consortium may continue to profit. Right now, our President Barack Obama, stands like FDR before the financial power of the Consortium; he has been trying to free marijuana from the constraints of Prohibition’s bondage, knowing full well, just as FDR did, that hemp can save an economy and marijuana could save the health of the planet from industrial disease. You must help humanity by helping the President free this medicine, please share this story with everyone you know; the Consortium have pledged themselves to death and profit, we must oppose them by pledging ourselves to life and you can do that by sharing this knowledge with others. Baruch Hashem.

– The Green Chazzan 

**Special thanks to the American Patient’s Rights Association for their excellent research! 

What happened after? Check out our Narc vs. Narc series!

https://thegreenpulpit.com/2014/04/22/narc-vs-narc-the-origins-of-the-modern-medical-marijuana-movement/

Reference List **Being Updated**

  • Katcher, Leo (1959). The Big Bankroll. The Life and Times of Arnold Rothstein, New York: Da Capo Press ISBN 0-306-80565-0
  • Cohen, Adam, Nothing to Fear: FDR’s Inner Circle and the Hundred Days that Created Modern America (2009)
  • Herer, Jack. The Emperor Has No Clothes. (2007) 
  • Lundberg, Ferdinand. America’s 60 Families. (1937)
  • Rothbard, Murray. America’s Great Depression. (1963)
  • Nixon, Edgar Franklin D. Roosevelt and Foreign Affairs (1969)
  • Zinn, Howard, ed. New Deal Thought (1966)
  • Kessler, Ronald. The Sins of the Father: Joseph P. Kennedy and the Dynasty He Founded. Warner, 1996
  • Gerber, Larry G. The Limits of Liberalism: Josephus Daniels, Henry Stimson, Bernard Baruch, Donald Richberg, Felix Frankfurter and the Development of the Modern American Political Economy (1983)
  • Roosevelt, Eliot. As He Saw It. (1974)
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4 thoughts on “The Devil’s Work: Marijuana in the 20’s and 30’s – Part 3

  1. Matt says:

    If Roosevelt was so great a president whey did he sign the the the 1937 act prohibiting marijuana?

    • Matt, the tax act was not originally designed to be a prohibitive act. It was simply meant to tax transactions of cannabis, but because the New Deal jobs programs got crushed in the Supreme Court oversight over hemp and cannabis fell back under Anslinger’s oversight and he abused his position to cut the issue of cannabis dealer licenses.

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